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Titolo:
PLASMA-CORTISOL LEVELS OF DOGS AT A COUNTY ANIMAL SHELTER
Autore:
HENNESSY MB; DAVIS HN; WILLIAMS MT; MELLOTT C; DOUGLAS CW;
Indirizzi:
WRIGHT STATE UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL DAYTON OH 45435
Titolo Testata:
Physiology & behavior
fascicolo: 3, volume: 62, anno: 1997,
pagine: 485 - 490
SICI:
0031-9384(1997)62:3<485:PLODAA>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SQUIRREL-MONKEYS; BIOCHEMICAL MANIFESTATIONS; NOVELTY; CORTICOSTERONE; SEPARATION; STRESS; NEUROBIOLOGY; DEPRESSION; RESPONSES; RATS;
Keywords:
HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL; CORTISOL; SEPARATION; NOVELTY; ANIMAL SHELTER; ANIMAL WELFARE; DOG;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.B. Hennessy et al., "PLASMA-CORTISOL LEVELS OF DOGS AT A COUNTY ANIMAL SHELTER", Physiology & behavior, 62(3), 1997, pp. 485-490

Abstract

Plasma cortisol levels were examined to assess the stress of dogs in a county animal shelter. Groups of dogs confined in the shelter for their 1st, 2nd, or 3rd day had higher cortisol levels than did a group maintained in the shelter for more than 9 days. Dogs in the shelter foran intermediate period (Day 4-9) had intermediate levels of cortisol. The cortisol concentrations of dogs during their first day in the shelter were greater than either those of the same dogs on Day 4/5 in theshelter or those of a group of pet dogs sampled in their own homes. There was no overall effect of 20 min of social interaction with a human (e.g., petting) on the plasma cortisol levels of dogs in the shelteron Day 1-3. However, the gender of the petter did affect cortisol levels. Those dogs interacting with a female had lower cortisol concentrations at the end of the session than did dogs interacting with a male. The results suggest that confinement in a public animal shelter produces a prolonged activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Further, it appears that some subtle aspect of interaction with a human may be capable of moderating this response. Possible implications for the welfare of confined dogs, and for the development of behavior problems in dogs obtained from shelters, are discussed. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc.

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Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 20:04:19