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Titolo:
Does physical excerise in addition to a multicomponen smoking cessation program increase abstinence rate and suppress weight gain? An intervention study
Autore:
Jonsdottir, D; Jonsdottir, H;
Indirizzi:
Hlth Care Ctr, Dept Lung Dis & Tuberculosis Prevent, Reykjavik, Iceland Hlth Care Ctr Reykjavik Iceland uberculosis Prevent, Reykjavik, Iceland Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Univ Iceland Reykjavik IcelandUniv Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Project Manager Natl Hosp, Reykjavik, Iceland Project Manager Natl Hosp Reykjavik Iceland tl Hosp, Reykjavik, Iceland
Titolo Testata:
SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES
fascicolo: 4, volume: 15, anno: 2001,
pagine: 275 - 282
SICI:
0283-9318(2001)15:4<275:DPEIAT>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NICOTINE REPLACEMENT THERAPY; RANDOMIZED TRIAL; NASAL SPRAY; GUM;
Keywords:
smoking cessation program; intervention; abstinence from smoking; weight gain; quasi-experiment;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jonsdottir, H Univ Iceland, Fac Nursing, Eiriksgata 34, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland Univ Iceland Eiriksgata 34 Reykjavik Iceland IS-101 Iceland
Citazione:
D. Jonsdottir e H. Jonsdottir, "Does physical excerise in addition to a multicomponen smoking cessation program increase abstinence rate and suppress weight gain? An intervention study", SC J CAR SC, 15(4), 2001, pp. 275-282

Abstract

Tobacco use is considered the single most preventable cause of premature morbidity and mortality. Smoking cessation programs aim at two interrelated purposes, to help people to give up smoking and to prevent relapse. A multicomponent intervention consisting of nicotine replacement therapy, health education, behaviour modification therapy and counselling is widely recommended in the health care literature. Smoking cessation studies from a nursingperspective are few. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to compare outcomes of two nurse-managed 1-year group smoking cessation interventions. Intervention 1 (n = 34) was provided at a health care centre and consisted of nicotine replacement therapy, health education, behavioural modification and individual and group counselling. In intervention 2 (n = 33), provided in a health club, physical exercise was added to the intervention provided in 1. Participants were self-referred with equal numbers in both interventions. A nonsignificant difference in lapse free abstinence time (LFAT) at 1 year was demonstrated between intervention 1 (20.6%, n = 7) and intervention 2 (39.4%, n = 13) (p = 0.16, odds ratio = 2.5). The difference in weight gain between intervention groups was also nonsignificant. Within intervention comparison between abstinent participants and smokers showed that abstinent participants had gained significantly more weight than smokersin intervention 2 (p = 0.001), but in intervention 1 the difference was nonsignificant (p = 0.2). The small sample size in the study detracts from the significance of the findings. However, a trend is observed showing that physical exercise increases the abstinence rate of participants. The conclusion is drawn that a multicomponent smoking cessation program that includes physical exercise might be an effective intervention, but further studies with a larger sample size are needed.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 16:00:13