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Titolo:
A prospective study of the roles of Clostridium difficile and enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens in equine diarrhoea
Autore:
Weese, JS; Staempfli, HR; Prescott, JF;
Indirizzi:
Univ Guelph, Ontario Vet Coll, Dept Clin Studies, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada Univ Guelph Guelph ON Canada N1G 2W1 Studies, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada Univ Guelph, Ontario Vet Coll, Dept Pathobiol, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada Univ Guelph Guelph ON Canada N1G 2W1 athobiol, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Titolo Testata:
EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL
fascicolo: 4, volume: 33, anno: 2001,
pagine: 403 - 409
SICI:
0425-1644(200107)33:4<403:APSOTR>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ANTIBIOTIC-ASSOCIATED DIARRHEA; ACUTE COLITIS; TOXIN-A; FOAL DIARRHEA; RABBIT ILEUM; HORSES; INFECTION; FECES; ENTEROCOLITIS; PREVALENCE;
Keywords:
horse; clostridium; colitis; Clostridium difficile; Clostridium perfringens;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Prescott, JF Univ Guelph, Ontario Vet Coll, Dept Clin Studies, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada Univ Guelph Guelph ON Canada N1G 2W1 lph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Citazione:
J.S. Weese et al., "A prospective study of the roles of Clostridium difficile and enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens in equine diarrhoea", EQUINE V J, 33(4), 2001, pp. 403-409

Abstract

Faecal samples from adult horses and from foals with diarrhoea or with normal faeces were evaluated for the presence of Clostridium difficile, C. difficile toxins, C, perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) and C. perfringens spore counts. Clostridium difficile was isolated from 7/55 horses (12.7%) and 11/31foals (35.5%) with colitis, but from 1/255 normal adults (0.4%) and 0/47 normal foals (P <0.001). Clostridium difficile toxins A and/or B were detected in 12/55 diarrhoeic adults (21.8%) and 5/30 diarrhoeic feats (16.7%) butin only 1/83 adults (1.2%) and 0/21 foals with normal faeces (P <0.001 andP <0.05, respectively). Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin was detected in 9/47 diarrhoeic adults (19%) and 8/28 diarrhoeic foals (28.6%), but was not detected in 47 adult horses (P <0.002) or 4 foals (P = 0.22) with normalfaeces. The positive predictive value of isolation of C, perfringens with respect to the presence of CPE was only 60% in adult horses and 64% in foals, There was no association between total C. perfringens spore count and CPE in the faeces. The overall mortality rate from colitis was 22% for adult horses and 18% for foals, Clostridium difficile toxin-positive adult horseswith colitis were less likely to survive than C, difficile-negative horseswith colitis (P = 0.03). This study provides further evidence that C. difficile and enterotoxigenic C, perfringens are associated with equine enterocolitis.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/01/20 alle ore 07:18:47