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Titolo:
The effects of real-world knowledge on text processing among older adults
Autore:
Miller, LMS;
Indirizzi:
Brandeis Univ, Dept Psychol, Waltham, MA 02454 USA Brandeis Univ Waltham MA USA 02454 v, Dept Psychol, Waltham, MA 02454 USA
Titolo Testata:
AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION
fascicolo: 2, volume: 8, anno: 2001,
pagine: 137 - 148
SICI:
1382-5585(200106)8:2<137:TEORKO>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AGE-DIFFERENCES; WORKING-MEMORY; COMPREHENSION; INFORMATION; PERFORMANCE; RECALL; ACQUISITION; INTEGRATION; DISCOURSE; EXPERTISE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Miller, LMS Brandeis Univ, Dept Psychol, MS 062, Waltham, MA 02454 USA Brandeis Univ MS 062 Waltham MA USA 02454 altham, MA 02454 USA
Citazione:
L.M.S. Miller, "The effects of real-world knowledge on text processing among older adults", AGING NEURO, 8(2), 2001, pp. 137-148

Abstract

In the present study, the effects of knowledge on text processing were investigated among older adults. Past research has shown that knowledge reduces processing time among older readers, however, this finding was based on schematic knowledge. Schematic knowledge is a highly prescribed knowledge that draws on commonly held general world knowledge. Domain knowledge, on theother hand, is specialized real-world knowledge within a particular area (e.g., chess, physics, cooking). Past research has shown that domain knowledge engages additional processing resources among younger adults. If this istrue of the elderly, then this type of knowledge may pose a challenge to older adults. Regression analyses were used to investigate word-by-word reading time patterns among high- and low-knowledge older adults. Older high-knowledge readers did in fact increase resource allocation to texts that drewon domain knowledge and in turn showed higher levels of recall. These datasuggest that knowledge promotes the productive allocation of processing resources among older adults, thus enabling them to take full advantage of knowledge.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 02:22:34