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Titolo:
Language development and level of intelligence in autism: does Asperger's syndrome represent a different disorder?
Autore:
Ruhl, D; Bolte, S; Poustka, F;
Indirizzi:
Univ Frankfurt Klinikum, Klin Psychiat & Psychotherapie Kindes & Jugensalt, D-60528 Frankfurt, Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum Frankfurt Germany D-60528 528 Frankfurt, Germany
Titolo Testata:
NERVENARZT
fascicolo: 7, volume: 72, anno: 2001,
pagine: 535 - 540
SICI:
0028-2804(200107)72:7<535:LDALOI>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM; DIAGNOSTIC INTERVIEW; BEHAVIOR; CHILDREN;
Keywords:
autism; Asperger's syndrome; diagnostic criteria;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ruhl, D Univ Frankfurt Klinikum, Klin Psychiat & Psychotherapie Kindes & Jugensalt, Deutschordenstr 50, D-60528 Frankfurt, Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum Deutschordenstr 50 Frankfurt Germany D-60528
Citazione:
D. Ruhl et al., "Language development and level of intelligence in autism: does Asperger's syndrome represent a different disorder?", NERVENARZT, 72(7), 2001, pp. 535-540

Abstract

Since the introduction of a separate diagnosis for Asperger's syndrome in the ICD-10 and DSM-IV classification systems, a controversial debate has continued on whether Asperger's syndrome is a specific, clearly distinguishable disorder within the autistic spectrum or whether it represents a milder phenotypical variation of autism. The effect on the amount of autistic symptoms of the variables language delay and level of intelligence was analyzedwithin a sample of individuals exhibiting autism diagnosed by standardizedmethods. Both variables showed a significant effect on the degree of autistic symptoms in that impairments in social interaction were less noticeable. In addition, a subsample of individuals exhibited symptoms assumed to be characteristic for Asperger's syndrome. The findings support the assumptionthat autism and Asperger's syndrome represent "extreme points" on a scale of severity, which leads to the suggestion that the classification of different subtypes of autism could be abandoned in favor of a dimensional (multiaxial) approach.

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Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 02:34:44