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Titolo:
Partners: serendipity in arbovirus research
Autore:
Reeves, WC;
Indirizzi:
Univ Calif Berkeley, Sch Publ Hlth, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Univ Calif Berkeley Berkeley CA USA 94720 bl Hlth, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF VECTOR ECOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 26, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1 - 6
SICI:
1081-1710(200106)26:1<1:PSIAR>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
arbovirus; Culex tarsalis; fluorescent markers; mosquito traps and CO2 bait; serendipity;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
19
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Reeves, WC Univ Calif Berkeley, Sch Publ Hlth, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA UnivCalif Berkeley Berkeley CA USA 94720 rkeley, CA 94720 USA
Citazione:
W.C. Reeves, "Partners: serendipity in arbovirus research", J VECT ECOL, 26(1), 2001, pp. 1-6

Abstract

A review of 60 years of research on mosquito-borne arboviruses in the Western U.S.A. revealed a number of instances when serendipity influenced the development of new concepts or novel approaches to solve ecological or epidemiological problems. Eight such events were selected as examples. The need for effective mosquito traps to collect live mosquitoes to be tested for virus infection posed design problems and also led to the use of CO2 (dry ice) as a mosquito attractant. This research also led to identification of Culex tarsalis as a primary target for vector control programs in the western U.S.A. Attendance at a movie led to development of fluorescent dusts to mark mosquitoes for studies of their numbers, life tables and movements. Knowledge of vector-virus associations was used to influence state legislative action to provide funding for vector control and further discovery of vector-virus associations. Derivation of the term "Arbovirus" started as laboratory jargon and evolved into being the classification for over 500 vector-borne viruses. Sociobiological changes resulting from the use of television and air conditioning fortuitously decreased exposure of California residents to vector attack. These two changes were introduced into households in California in the early 1950s. The prime time when C. tarsalis, the primary vector of encephalitis, bites people is around sundown which also is primetimefor television watching. These sociological changes are a valuable adjunctto vector control programs.

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Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 05:12:46