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Titolo:
Epidemiologic panorama of stomach cancer mortality in Mexico
Autore:
Tovar-Guzman, V; Hernandez-Giron, C; Barquera, S; Rodriguez-Salgado, N; Lopez-Carrillo, L;
Indirizzi:
Inst Nacl Salud Publ, Ctr Invest Salud Poblac, Cuernavaca 62508, Morelos, Mexico Inst Nacl Salud Publ Cuernavaca Morelos Mexico 62508 508, Morelos, Mexico
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF MEDICAL RESEARCH
fascicolo: 4, volume: 32, anno: 2001,
pagine: 312 - 317
SICI:
0188-4409(200107/08)32:4<312:EPOSCM>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GASTRIC-CANCER; NETHERLANDS; TRENDS;
Keywords:
stomach cancer; mortality trends; Mexico;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
17
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Barquera, S Inst Nacl Salud Publ, Ctr Invest Salud Poblac, Ave Univ 655,Col Santa Maria Ahuacatitlan, Cuernavaca 62508, Morelos, Mexico Inst Nacl Salud Publ Ave Univ 655,Col Santa Maria Ahuacatitlan Cuernavaca Morelos Mexico62508
Citazione:
V. Tovar-Guzman et al., "Epidemiologic panorama of stomach cancer mortality in Mexico", ARCH MED R, 32(4), 2001, pp. 312-317

Abstract

Background. Annually, there are more than 6 million deaths from a type of malignant neoplasia worldwide. In developing countries, the highest rates of incidence of malignant neoplasias are uterine cervical cancer, stomach, lung, esophagus, pharynx, and liver cancers. Recent estimates on the incidence of cancer worldwide show that, in 1990, stomach cancer (SC) was the second most frequent type of cancer (900,000 new cases annually). Rates of incidence have decreased consistently in nearly all areas of the world. In Mexico, however, rates of incidence and mortality have increased gradually between 1980 and 1997; in 1995, 4,685 people died of SC in Mexico. This report presents a descriptive analysis of SC mortality in Mexico. Methods. A mortality database edited from the electronic files of the National Institute of Informatics, Statistics and Geography (INEGI) in Mexico was used; population denominators were edited by the Mexican National Population Council (Conapo). Adjusted mortality rates, taking as standard of reference the population of Mexico City by sex, year, and 10-year age groups were calculated as well as the sex ratio for the 1980-1997 period. To evaluate the magnitude of risks by state, the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was calculated: prematurity was evaluated through the potential lost-life years index (PLLYI). The analysis was carried out using the Excel and Stata 5.0 software programs. Results. During the years from 1980 to 1997, in Mexico the total number ofdeaths from SC was 76,315. The male:female ratio was 1.2:1.0. SMR by stateshowed that the states of Yucatan. Sonora, Zacatecas, Michoacan, and Chiapas had higher mortality rates. The PLLYI was higher for males in the statesof Chiapas, Sonora, Chihuahua, Zacatecas, and Southern Baja California, and higher for females in Chiapas, Oaxaca, Yucatan, Puebla, and Campeche. Conclusions. World statistics on mortality caused by SC suggest a decreasing trend. Findings for this study show an increase in the adjusted mortality rates by SC during the 1980-1997 period in Mexico. However, when analyzing the different indicators that reveal risks, magnitude. and prematurity ofmortality, there is a differential trend in mortality by sex that includesregional patterns probably related to different socioeconomic levels. (C) 2001 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Science Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/10/20 alle ore 23:05:04