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Titolo:
Comparison of individual and group cognitive-behavioral therapy for alcohol and/or drug-dependent patients
Autore:
Marques, ACPR; Formigoni, MLOS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychobiol, BR-04024002 Sao Paulo, Brazil Univ Fed Sao Paulo Sao Paulo Brazil BR-04024002 BC4002 Sao Paulo, Brazil
Titolo Testata:
ADDICTION
fascicolo: 6, volume: 96, anno: 2001,
pagine: 835 - 846
SICI:
0965-2140(200106)96:6<835:COIAGC>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INTENSIVE OUTPATIENT TREATMENT; SUBSTANCE-ABUSE TREATMENT; COCAINE DEPENDENCE; RELAPSE PREVENTION; PSYCHOSOCIAL TREATMENT; PREDICTORS; DISORDERS; SEVERITY; USERS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
66
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Formigoni, MLOS Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychobiol, R Napoleao de Barros 925, BR-04024002Sao Paulo, Brazil Univ Fed Sao Paulo R Napoleao de Barros 925 Sao Paulo Brazil BR-04024002 BC
Citazione:
A.C.P.R. Marques e M.L.O.S. Formigoni, "Comparison of individual and group cognitive-behavioral therapy for alcohol and/or drug-dependent patients", ADDICTION, 96(6), 2001, pp. 835-846

Abstract

Aims and design. A randomized clinical trial was performed to evaluate theinfluence of two formats of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (individualvs. group) in the treatment of alcohol and/or drug dependent patients. Setting. Public outpatient drug dependence service. Participants. One hundred and fifty-five alcohol and/or drug-dependent patients. Intervention. The patients were randomly assigned to individual (n = 77) or group (n = 78) treatment formats. The treatment was developed into two phases: acquisition (eight sessions) and maintenance (nine sessions), distributed over an 8-month period. Measurements. Alcohol and drug use, severity of dependence, and alcohol- and drug-related problems were evaluated at pre-treatment and 15 months after admission to treatment. Findings. At follow-up evaluation both groups of patients presented similar levels of drug consumption, dependence and associated problems. Although group-treated patients reported slightly higher levels of alcohol consumption (both at baseline and follow-up) differences between the formats disappear if baseline levels are included as covariates. Compliance with treatment and a measure of drug severity were predictors of success for the drug dependents. The number of sessions attended and high GGT levels at admission were positively correlated with success for the alcohol dependents. Conclusions. The two modalities presented similar outcomes and, as the group format could present a better cost-benefit ratio,it may be used without decreasing compliance with treatment or treatment effectiveness.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 22:13:17