Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Spirometry in children aged 3 to 5 years: Reliability of forced expiratorymaneuvers
Autore:
Crenesse, D; Berlioz, M; Bourrier, T; Albertini, M;
Indirizzi:
Hop Archet 2, Lab Explorat Fonct Resp Pediat, F-06202 Nice 3, France Hop Archet 2 Nice France 3 rat Fonct Resp Pediat, F-06202 Nice 3, France
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 32, anno: 2001,
pagine: 56 - 61
SICI:
8755-6863(200107)32:1<56:SICA3T>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VITAL CAPACITY; VOLUME;
Keywords:
spirometry; preschool children; forced expiratory maneuvers; pulmonary function tests;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Crenesse, D Hop Archet 2, Lab Explorat Fonct Resp Pediat, 151 Route St Antoine de Ginestiere, F-06202 Nice 3, France Hop Archet 2 151 Route St Antoine de Ginestiere Nice France 3
Citazione:
D. Crenesse et al., "Spirometry in children aged 3 to 5 years: Reliability of forced expiratorymaneuvers", PEDIAT PULM, 32(1), 2001, pp. 56-61

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of forced expiratory maneuvers during standard spirometric evaluation in preschool children. Among 570 young children, attending our laboratory, we retrospectively selected 355 patients (14% 3-4-year-olds, 48% 4-5-year-olds, and 38% 5-6-year-olds) who carried out spirometric tests for the first time. The indications for such tests were history of asthma (70%), followed by chronic cough (20%) and other miscellaneous conditions (10%). Eighty-eight, 175, and 92 children performed one, two, and three acceptable tests respectively. Forced expired volume in 1 sec (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) did not differ significantly between attempts in children performing either two or three attempts. Forced expiratory time (FET), i.e., the total time required for the forced expiratory maneuver, was 1.7 +/- 0.1 sec (mean +/- SEM), and was no greater than 1 sec in 21.3% of all testedchildren. Consequently, FEV1 does not appear to be well-suited to this agegroup. Forced expiratory volume in 0.50 and 0.75 sec (FEV0.5, FEV0.75) were thus measured in the group of children performing three attempts (n = 92), and there was no statistical difference between attempts. In 267 childrenperforming two or three tests, the ATS criteria of reproducing FEV1 and FVC within less than or equal to 0.1 L seemed to be preferable in this young population, indeed, more than 70% of the tested children presented their two best efforts (FVC and FEV1) not varying by more than 0.1 L. individual coefficients of variation (CV = SDI mean x 100%) over three tests for FEV1 and FVC were 6.71 +/- 0.53% and 6.35 +/- 0.41% (mean +/- SEM), respectively. These results show that forced expiratory tests are not always feasible inyoung children, but that 55% (196/355) of our selected population performed reliable maneuvers (at least two FVC and FEV1 reproducible within 0.1 L),provided that they were supervised by a carefully trained pediatric medical staff. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/09/20 alle ore 00:07:43