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Titolo:
Enhanced gene expression of chemokines and their corresponding receptors in mononuclear blood cells in chronic heart failure - Modulatory effect of intravenous immunoglobulin
Autore:
Damas, JK; Gullestad, L; Aass, H; Simonsen, S; Fjeld, JG; Wikeby, L; Ueland, T; Eiken, HG; Froland, SS; Aukrust, P;
Indirizzi:
Univ Oslo, Natl Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo NorwayUniv Oslo, Natl Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo, Natl Hosp, Internal Med Res Inst, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo OsloNorway o, Natl Hosp, Internal Med Res Inst, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo, Natl Hosp, Nucl Med Sect, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo NorwayUniv Oslo, Natl Hosp, Nucl Med Sect, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo, Natl Hosp, Endocrinol Sect, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo Norway iv Oslo, Natl Hosp, Endocrinol Sect, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo, Natl Hosp, MSD Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo Norway , Natl Hosp, MSD Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo, Natl Hosp, Dept Med, Sect Clin Immunol & Infect Dis, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo Norway Med, Sect Clin Immunol & Infect Dis, Oslo, Norway
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 38, anno: 2001,
pagine: 187 - 193
SICI:
0735-1097(200107)38:1<187:EGEOCA>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA; IMMUNE GLOBULIN; DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; CXC-CHEMOKINES; INFLAMMATION; THERAPY; MYOCARDITIS; CYTOKINES; SYSTEM; RATS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Damas, JK Rikshosp, Internal Med Res Inst, N-0027 Oslo, Norway Rikshosp Oslo Norway N-0027 Med Res Inst, N-0027 Oslo, Norway
Citazione:
J.K. Damas et al., "Enhanced gene expression of chemokines and their corresponding receptors in mononuclear blood cells in chronic heart failure - Modulatory effect of intravenous immunoglobulin", J AM COL C, 38(1), 2001, pp. 187-193

Abstract

Objectives We sought to study the gene expression of chemokines and their corresponding receptors in mononuclear blood cells (MNCs) from patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), both of which were cross-sectional and longitudinal studies during therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). Background We have recently demonstrated that IVIg improves left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with CHF. Based on the potential pathogenic role of chemokines in CHF, we hypothrsized that the beneficial effect of IVIg may be related to a modularory effect on the expression of chemokines and their receptors in MNCs. Methods We examined: 1) the gene expression of C, CC and CXC chemokines and their receptors in MNCs from 20 patients with CHF and 10 healthy blood donors; and 2) the expression of these genes in MNCs from 20 patients with CHF randomized in a double-blind fashion to therapy with IVlg or placebo for 26 weeks. Results Our main findings in CHF were: 1) markedly raised gene expression of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta and interleukin (IL)-8; 2) enhanced gene expression of their corresponding receptors; 3) modulation in a normal direction of this abnormal chemokine and chemokine receptor gene expression during IVIg, but not during placebo therapy; 4) down-regulation of MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta and IL-8 during IVlg at the proteinlevel in plasma; and 5) a correlation between down-regulation of MIP-1 alpha gene expression and improved LVEF during IVlg therapy. Conclusions Our results further support a pathogenic role for chemokines in CHF and suggest that IVlg may represent a novel therapeutic approach, with the potential to improve LVEF in patients with CHF, possibly by modulatory effects on the chemokine network. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2001;38:187-93) (C) 2001 by the American College of Cardiology.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 16:43:34