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Titolo:
Use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine and mechanisms of resistance
Autore:
Schwarz, S; Chaslus-Dancla, E;
Indirizzi:
Bundesforsch Anstalt Landwirtschaft FAL, Inst Tierzucht & Tierverhalten, D-29223 Celle, Germany Bundesforsch Anstalt Landwirtschaft FAL Celle Germany D-29223 e, Germany INRA, F-37380 Nouzilly, France INRA Nouzilly France F-37380INRA, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Titolo Testata:
VETERINARY RESEARCH
fascicolo: 3-4, volume: 32, anno: 2001,
pagine: 201 - 225
SICI:
0928-4249(200105/08)32:3-4<201:UOAIVM>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AMINOGLYCOSIDE-MODIFYING ENZYMES; SALMONELLA-TYPHIMURIUM DT104; ENTERICA SEROVAR TYPHIMURIUM; EFFLUX-MEDIATED RESISTANCE; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; TETRACYCLINE RESISTANCE; BACTERIAL-RESISTANCE; STAPHYLOCOCCUS-AUREUS; FLUOROQUINOLONE RESISTANCE; STREPTOGRAMIN ANTIBIOTICS;
Keywords:
antibiotic therapy; growth promotion; resistance mechanism; resistance gene; gene transfer;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
80
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schwarz, S Bundesforsch Anstalt Landwirtschaft FAL, Inst Tierzucht & Tierverhalten, Dornbergstr 25-27, D-29223 Celle, Germany Bundesforsch Anstalt Landwirtschaft FAL Dornbergstr 25-27 Celle Germany D-29223
Citazione:
S. Schwarz e E. Chaslus-Dancla, "Use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine and mechanisms of resistance", VET RES, 32(3-4), 2001, pp. 201-225

Abstract

This review deals with the application of antimicrobial agents in veterinary medicine and food animal production and the possible consequences arising from the widespread and multipurpose use of antimicrobials. The various mechanisms that bacteria have developed to escape the inhibitory effects of the antimicrobials most frequently used in the veterinary field are reported in detail. Resistance of bacteria to tetracyclines, macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin antibiotics, beta -lactam antibiotics, aminoglycosides, sulfonamides, trimethoprim, fluoroquinolones and chloramphenicol/florfenicol isdescribed with regard to enzymatic inactivation, decreased intracellular drug accumulation and modification/protection/replacement of the target sites. In addition, basic information is given about mobile genetic elements which carry the respective resistance genes, such as plasmids, transposons, and gene cassettes/integrons, and their ways of spreading via conjugation, mobilisation, transduction, and transformation.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 07/04/20 alle ore 23:12:07