Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
NOx sensing properties of varistor-type gas sensors consisting of micro p-n junctions
Autore:
Shimizu, Y; Nakashima, N; Hyodo, T; Egashira, M;
Indirizzi:
Nagasaki Univ, Fac Engn, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Nagasaki 8528521, Japan Nagasaki Univ Nagasaki Japan 8528521 Sci & Engn, Nagasaki 8528521, Japan
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS
fascicolo: 3, volume: 6, anno: 2001,
pagine: 209 - 217
SICI:
1385-3449(2001)6:3<209:NSPOVG>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
I-V CHARACTERISTICS; OXIDE; SEMICONDUCTORS;
Keywords:
NOx gas sensor; varistor; p-n junctions; nonlinearity; breakdown voltage;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Shimizu, Y Nagasaki Univ, Fac Engn, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, 1-14 Bunkyo Machi, Nagasaki 8528521, Japan Nagasaki Univ 1-14 Bunkyo Machi Nagasaki Japan 8528521 , Japan
Citazione:
Y. Shimizu et al., "NOx sensing properties of varistor-type gas sensors consisting of micro p-n junctions", J ELECTROCE, 6(3), 2001, pp. 209-217

Abstract

NOx sensing properties of SnO2-xCr(2)O(3) as a varistor-type gas sensor have been investigated in the temperature range of 200-600 degreesC. The breakdown voltage of SnO2 shifted to a higher electric field upon exposure to NO2 at 300-500 degreesC, and the largest breakdown voltage shift, i.e. the highest NO2 sensitivity was observed at 400 degreesC. In contrast, the direction of the breakdown voltage shift in NO varied with temperature: the breakdown voltage shifted to a lower electric field at 300 degreesC, but to a higher electric field at 500 degreesC, and remained almost unchanged at 400 degreesC. The NO2 sensitivity of SnO2 was superior to the NO sensitivity atevery temperature, and then the SnO2 exhibited good selectivity to NO2 at 400 degreesC. The breakdown voltage of Cr2O3 shifted in the reverse direction upon exposure to NO and NO2, in comparison with those observed with SnO2, owing to its p-type semiconductivity. Thus, Cr2O3 also exhibited certain sensitivity to both NO and NO2 at 200 degreesC, being more sensitive to NO2, though the sensitivities decreased drastically at temperatures higher than 300 degreesC. The addition of 5.0 wt% Cr2O3 to SnO2 resulted in a significant improvement of NO and NO2 sensitivities at 600 degreesC, being accompanied by an increase in the breakdown voltage in air. Especially, the NO sensitivity was superior to the NO2 sensitivity in the concentration range of 20-100 ppm, and then SnO2 mixed with 5.0 wt% Cr2O3 was found to be the mostsuitable candidate for a NO sensor among the sensors tested. The increase in the breakdown voltage in air induced by the Cr2O3 addition was confirmedto arise from both the decrease in the particle size of SnO2 and the formation of micro p-n junctions at grain boundaries. The decrease in the particle size was also responsible for the increased NO and NO2 sensitivities, but the p-n junctions were suggested to play a more important role in promoting and stabilizing the chemisorption of NO at higher temperatures.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/10/20 alle ore 01:52:27