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Titolo:
Responses to combinations of tones in the nuclei of the lateral lemniscus
Autore:
Portfors, CV; Wenstrup, JJ;
Indirizzi:
NE Ohio Univ, Coll Med, Dept Neurobiol & Pharmacol, Rootstown, OH 44272 USA NE Ohio Univ Rootstown OH USA 44272 & Pharmacol, Rootstown, OH 44272 USA
Titolo Testata:
JARO
fascicolo: 2, volume: 2, anno: 2001,
pagine: 104 - 117
SICI:
1525-3961(200106)2:2<104:RTCOTI>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MEDIAL GENICULATE-BODY; PRIMARY AUDITORY-CORTEX; PTERONOTUS-P-PARNELLII; BAT MYOTIS-LUCIFUGUS; STEADY-STATE VOWELS; MOUSTACHED BAT; SENSITIVE NEURONS; INFERIOR COLLICULUS; MUSTACHE BAT; ECHOLOCATING BAT;
Keywords:
lateral lemniscus; combination-sensitive; mustached bat; spectral integration;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
73
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Portfors, CV NE Ohio Univ, Coll Med, Dept Neurobiol & Pharmacol, 4209 State Route 44,POB 95, Rootstown, OH 44272 USA NE Ohio Univ 4209 State Route 44,POB 95 Rootstown OH USA 44272
Citazione:
C.V. Portfors e J.J. Wenstrup, "Responses to combinations of tones in the nuclei of the lateral lemniscus", JARO, 2(2), 2001, pp. 104-117

Abstract

Combination-sensitive neurons integrate specific spectral and temporal elements in biologically important sounds, and they may underlie the analysis of biosonar and social vocalizations. Combination-sensitive neurons are found in the forebrain of a variety of vertebrates. In the mustached bat, theyalso occur in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC). However, it is not known where combination-sensitive response properties emerge. To address this question, we used a two-tone paradigm to examine responses of single units to combination stimuli in a brainstem structure, the nucleiof the lateral lemniscus (NLL). We recorded and histologically localized 101 single units in the NLL. The majority (82%) of units had a single excitatory frequency tuning curve. Seven units had two separate excitatory frequency tuning curves but displayed no combinatorial interaction. Twelve units were combination-sensitive. Of these, three units were facilitated by the combination of two separate frequency bands and nine units were inhibited bycombinatorial stimuli. The three facilitatory neurons had excitatory responses tuned to the second harmonic constant frequency (CF2, 57-60 kHz) component of the biosonar signal and were facilitated by a second signal within the first harmonic (Hl, 24-30 kHz) of the biosonar call. Most of the inhibitory interactions occurred between signals in the frequency bands associated with the frequency-modulated (FM) components of the biosonar call. The strongest combinatorial effects (facilitatory and inhibitory) were elicited by simultaneous onset of the two signals (i.e., 0 ms delay). All combination-sensitive units were in the intermediate nucleus of the NLL (INLL), which in bats is a hypertrophied structure that projects strongly to combination-sensitive neurons in the ICC. Thus, the combination-sensitive neurons in the INLL may impart their response properties onto ICC neurons. However; the small number of facilitatory combination-sensitive neurons in the NLL suggests that the majority of these combinatorial responses originate in the ICC.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 01:26:34