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Titolo:
The relationships between ethnicity, gender, and short-term changes in energy balance following smoking cessation
Autore:
Vander Weg, MW; Klesges, RC; Clemens, LHE; Meyers, AW; Pascale, RW;
Indirizzi:
Univ Memphis, Ctr Community Hlth, Memphis, TN 38119 USA Univ Memphis Memphis TN USA 38119 r Community Hlth, Memphis, TN 38119 USA Univ Memphis, Dept Consumer Sci & Educ, Memphis, TN 38119 USA Univ Memphis Memphis TN USA 38119 sumer Sci & Educ, Memphis, TN 38119 USA Univ Memphis, Dept Psychol, Memphis, TN 38119 USA Univ Memphis Memphis TNUSA 38119 is, Dept Psychol, Memphis, TN 38119 USA
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 8, anno: 2001,
pagine: 163 - 177
SICI:
1070-5503(2001)8:2<163:TRBEGA>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RESTING METABOLIC-RATE; WEIGHT-GAIN; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; BODY-WEIGHT; MENSTRUAL-CYCLE; WOMEN; EXPENDITURE; NICOTINE; CONSUMPTION;
Keywords:
smoking; body weight; energy balance; ethnicity; gender;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Vander Weg, MW Univ Memphis, Ctr Community Hlth, 5350 Poplar Ave,Suite 675, Memphis, TN 38119 USA Univ Memphis 5350 Poplar Ave,Suite 675 Memphis TN USA 38119
Citazione:
M.W. Vander Weg et al., "The relationships between ethnicity, gender, and short-term changes in energy balance following smoking cessation", INT J BEH M, 8(2), 2001, pp. 163-177

Abstract

Although weight gain is a well-established consequence of quitting smoking, the energy balance mechanisms responsible for postcessation weight gain are not clear. Furthermore, although gender and ethnicity are important predictors of postcessation weight gain, no studies have evaluated the effects of these variables on changes in energy balance. This study investigated short-term changes in energy balance following smoking cessation in 95 smokers. In as little as 2 weeks, smoking cessation was associated with a significant increase in body weight (1.05 kg). Smoking cessation was also associated with an increase in energy intake(1440 kJ/day), and no changes in energyexpenditure (physical activity; resting energy expenditure, REE) were observed. Changes in body weight and energy balance did not differ by gender orethnicity. Predictors of weight gain included baseline carbon monoxide (CO) level, baseline REE per kg of body weight, and changes in energy intake. These findings provide valuable information about the mechanisms responsible for at least the early stages of postcessation weight gain.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 18:28:25