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Titolo:
Accidents of pre-school children in the 'Landkreis Boblingen' - Causes andhigh-risk groups
Autore:
Kersting-Durrwachter, G; Mielck, A;
Indirizzi:
Landratsamt Gesundheitsamt, D-71638 Ludwigsburg, Germany Landratsamt Gesundheitsamt Ludwigsburg Germany D-71638 wigsburg, Germany GSF Forschungszentrum Umwelt & Gesundheit, Neuherberg, Germany GSF Forschungszentrum Umwelt & Gesundheit Neuherberg Germany g, Germany
Titolo Testata:
GESUNDHEITSWESEN
fascicolo: 5, volume: 63, anno: 2001,
pagine: 335 - 342
SICI:
0941-3790(200105)63:5<335:AOPCIT>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENTIALS; CHILDHOOD ACCIDENTS; INJURY; MORTALITY; PREVENTION; ENGLAND; TRENDS; ISSUES; WALES;
Keywords:
pre-school children; accident causes; sociodemographic indicators; socioeconomic status; social inequality;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kersting-Durrwachter, G Landratsamt Gesundheitsamt, Hindenburgstr 20-1, D-71638 Ludwigsburg, Germany Landratsamt Gesundheitsamt Hindenburgstr 20-1 Ludwigsburg Germany D-71638
Citazione:
G. Kersting-Durrwachter e A. Mielck, "Accidents of pre-school children in the 'Landkreis Boblingen' - Causes andhigh-risk groups", GESUNDHEITS, 63(5), 2001, pp. 335-342

Abstract

The characteristics of childhood accidents including their socio-demographic distribution were analysed using a cross-sectional design. In December 1999, questionnaires were sent to 50 Kindergartens in the 'Landkreis Boblingen' (Southern Germany). 2,963 children went to these kindergartens, and theparents of the children were asked to fill in the questionnaire which was then analysed anonymously by the local health authority of Boblingen. The parents of 1,866 children sent back the questionnaire; the response rate was72.0 % for children with German nationality and 31.6% for the other children. On the average the parents reported 26 'accidents leading to a physician contact' per 100 child-life-years. Four indicators were used for characterising the socio-economic status of the parents (per capita income, occupational status of the father, school education of the mother, summary index),and three groups (low, medium and high socio-economic status) were constructed with each including about 1/3 of the children. Children from the low status group had about 13% fewer accidents than children from the high status group; for severe accidents, however, a contrary association was found (OR of the low as compared with the high status group: 4.1; Conf. Inter.: 1.12-14.96). The children with another nationality than German had severe accidents more often than German children (OR: 4.63; Conf. Inter.: 2.24-9.52). Boys had 3396 more accidents than girls. About 3/4 of all accidents took place at home or in its direct environment. Concerning the age distribution, a peak was seen at age 2. The following accidents occurred particularly often: falling from stairs (10.2 % of the accidents), falling from a playground equipment (9.5 %), falling from a bicycle (8.9%). falling from a high bed(6.0%), stabs or cuts (4.9%), burns or scalds (4.4%), falling from a high chair (3.9 %), falling from a nursery table (3.2%). The results are used bya regional working group which is asked to develop a strategy aimed at reducing accidents of pre-school children in the 'Landkreis Boblingen' until 2006 by 10%.

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Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 17:39:02