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Titolo:
Services and prevention: Pharmacoepidemiology of antidepressant use
Autore:
Zito, JM; Safer, DJ;
Indirizzi:
Univ Maryland, Dept Pharm Practice & Sci, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Univ Maryland Baltimore MD USA 21201 ctice & Sci, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA Johns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA 21218 ch Med, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA
Titolo Testata:
BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 12, volume: 49, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1121 - 1127
SICI:
0006-3223(20010615)49:12<1121:SAPPOA>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATIONS; PUBLIC-SCHOOLS; CHILDREN; MARYLAND; THERAPY; NEED;
Keywords:
pharmacoepidemiology; child and adolescent psychopharmacology; consensus development; mental health services; antidepressants;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Zito, JM Univ Maryland, Dept Pharm Practice & Sci, 100 Greene St,Room 5-13, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Univ Maryland 100 Greene St,Room 5-13 Baltimore MD USA 21201 USA
Citazione:
J.M. Zito e D.J. Safer, "Services and prevention: Pharmacoepidemiology of antidepressant use", BIOL PSYCHI, 49(12), 2001, pp. 1121-1127

Abstract

Between 1988 and 1994, data from 3 large sites revealed a 3-5 fold increase in the prevalence of antidepressant (ATD) treatment for U,S. youths aged 2-19 years. In 1994, the ATD prevalence for youths of this age ranged from 13 per 1000 (in the HMO) to 18 per 1000 (in 2 state Medicaid systems). Males predominated in the 10-14-year-olds treated with ATDs, whereas females predominated among 15-19-year-olds. Caucasians were more than twice as likelyto receive ATD therapy than their African-American counterparts. Primary care providers were the major soul ce of ATD prescriptions for youths. The lending diagnoses in primary care were ADHD followed by depression, whereas the diagnostic order was reversed for youths who received psychiatric services. This review provides details concerning these patterns and trends in ATD treatment of youths from community-based clinical data sources. In addition, the role of these data in art expanded, comprehensive psychotropic knowledge base is discussed Finally, the implications of an expanded knowledgebase for ATD treatments are discussed in regard to generating research questions on effectiveness and safety and to improve treatment consensus within a public-health perspective. (C) 2001 Society of Biological Psychiatry.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 06:23:04