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Titolo:
Jails, prisons, and the health of urban populations: A review of the impact of the correctional system on community health
Autore:
Freudenberg, N;
Indirizzi:
CUNY Hunter Coll, Program Urban Publ Hlth, New York, NY 10010 USA CUNY Hunter Coll New York NY USA 10010 Publ Hlth, New York, NY 10010 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 78, anno: 2001,
pagine: 214 - 235
SICI:
1099-3460(200106)78:2<214:JPATHO>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NEW-YORK-CITY; INCARCERATED WOMEN; SUBSTANCE-ABUSE; JUSTICE SYSTEM; MENTAL-ILLNESS; HIV-INFECTION; COUNTY JAIL; RISK; SYPHILIS; VIOLENCE;
Keywords:
criminal justice policy; health of incarcerated populations; jail health services; urban health;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
154
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Freudenberg, N CUNY Hunter Coll, Program Urban Publ Hlth, 425 E 25th St, New York, NY 10010 USA CUNY Hunter Coll 425 E 25th St New York NY USA 10010 10 USA
Citazione:
N. Freudenberg, "Jails, prisons, and the health of urban populations: A review of the impact of the correctional system on community health", J URBAN H, 78(2), 2001, pp. 214-235

Abstract

This review examined the interactions between the correctional system and the health of urban populations, Cities have more poor people, more people of color, and higher crime rates than suburban and rural areas; thus, urbanpopulations are overrepresented in the nation's jails and prisons. As a result, US incarceration policies and Programs have a disproportionate impacton urban communities, especially black and Latino ones. Health conditions that are overrepresented in incarcerated populations include substance abuse, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other infectious diseases, perpetration and victimization by violence, mental illness, chronic disease, and reproductive health problems. Correctional systems have direct and indirecteffects on health. Indirectly, they influence family structure, economic opportunities, political participation, and normative community values on sex, drugs, and violence. Current correctional policies also divert resourcesfrom other social needs. Correctional systems can have a direct effect on the health of urban populations by offering health care and health promotion in jails and prisons, by linking inmates to community services after release, and by assisting in the process of community reintegration. Specific recommendations for action and research to reduce the adverse health and social consequences of current incarceration policies are offered.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 17/01/20 alle ore 21:01:06