Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
HIV testing among young adults and older adolescents in the setting of acute substance abuse treatment
Autore:
Pugatch, DL; Levesque, BG; Lally, MA; Reinert, SE; Filippone, WJ; Combs, CM; Flanigan, TP; Brown, LK;
Indirizzi:
Rhode Isl Hosp, Div Pediat Infect Dis, Providence, RI 02903 USA Rhode Isl Hosp Providence RI USA 02903 fect Dis, Providence, RI 02903 USA Brown Univ, Sch Med, Providence, RI 02912 USA Brown Univ Providence RI USA 02912 niv, Sch Med, Providence, RI 02912 USA Miriam Hosp, Div Immunol, Providence, RI USA Miriam Hosp Providence RI USA riam Hosp, Div Immunol, Providence, RI USA Lifespan Med Comp, Providence, RI USA Lifespan Med Comp Providence RI USA ifespan Med Comp, Providence, RI USA Rhode Isl Hosp, Dept Child & Family Psychiat, Providence, RI USA Rhode IslHosp Providence RI USA d & Family Psychiat, Providence, RI USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES
fascicolo: 2, volume: 27, anno: 2001,
pagine: 135 - 142
SICI:
1525-4135(20010601)27:2<135:HTAYAA>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RISK; BEHAVIOR;
Keywords:
HIV; HIV testing; adolescents; substance abuse;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
17
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pugatch, DL Rhode Isl Hosp, Div Pediat Infect Dis, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI 02903 USA Rhode Isl Hosp 593 Eddy St Providence RI USA 02903 I 02903 USA
Citazione:
D.L. Pugatch et al., "HIV testing among young adults and older adolescents in the setting of acute substance abuse treatment", J ACQ IMM D, 27(2), 2001, pp. 135-142

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the feasibility and acceptance of HIV testing amongyouth in acute substance abuse treatment. Methods: Youth, aged 18 to 25 years old, in state-funded inpatient detoxification completed a confidential demographic/risk behavior questionnaire, and were offered a choice of no testing, serum-based testing, or oral fluid (Orasure, Epitope, Inc., Beaverton, OR, U.S.A. ) HIV testing. Results: In all, 74% of 204 participants accepted HIV testing. In a multivariate model, female gender (odds ratio [OR], 0.32; 95% confidence interval[CI] 0.14-0.74) and having been recently tested (OR, 0.11; 95% CI, 0.05-0.26) were independently associated with refusing testing. Recent sexual activity (OR, 5.4; 95% CI, 1.5-20.4), recent use of methamphetamines (speed) ora combination of cocaine and heroin (speedball) (OR, 3.8; 95% CI, 1.6-9.0), and a recent perceived risk for HIV (OR, 4.6; 95% CI, 1.9-10.9) were independently associated with test acceptance. Thus, 150 of 150 (100%) chose the Orasure test. Overall, 64.6% (97 of 150) of those tested received their results, but among participants requiring a follow-up appointment to learn test results, only 9.2% (8 of 87) returned. Conclusions: HIV testing is feasible and acceptable in this population. All patients preferred Orasure testing to a serum enzyme-linked immunosorbentassay (ELISA). Most youth tested in detoxification will only learn their results if they are provided during treatment. Rapid HIV testing with same-day results could improve follow-up rates.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 01:24:07