Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Increased nuchal translucency, hydrops fetalis or hygroma colli - A new test strategy for early fetal aneuploidy detection
Autore:
Jenderny, J; Schmidt, W; Hecher, K; Hackeloer, BJ; Kerber, S; Kochhan, L; Held, KR;
Indirizzi:
Inst Immunol Pathol Mol Biol & Human Genet, D-22339 Hamburg, Germany Inst Immunol Pathol Mol Biol & Human Genet Hamburg Germany D-22339 rmany
Titolo Testata:
FETAL DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 211 - 214
SICI:
1015-3837(200107/08)16:4<211:INTHFO>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POLYMERASE CHAIN-REACTION; RAPID DETECTION; DOWNS-SYNDROME; PCR; TRISOMY-18; DIAGNOSIS; TRIMESTER;
Keywords:
prenatal diagnosis; chorionic villi; nuchal translucency; hydrops fetalis; hygroma colli; aneuploidy; trisomy; quantitative fluorescent polymerase reaction (QF-PCR);
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
12
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jenderny, J Inst Immunol Pathol Mol Biol & Human Genet, Lademannbogen 61-63, D-22339 Hamburg, Germany Inst Immunol Pathol Mol Biol & Human Genet Lademannbogen 61-63 Hamburg Germany D-22339
Citazione:
J. Jenderny et al., "Increased nuchal translucency, hydrops fetalis or hygroma colli - A new test strategy for early fetal aneuploidy detection", FETAL DIAGN, 16(4), 2001, pp. 211-214

Abstract

Objectives: Nuchal translucency measurement of 3 mm or more (greater than or equal to 95th centile for gestation age), hydrops feta lis or hygroma colli between the 11th and 14th weeks of gestation is associated with a higher risk of fetal Down syndrome and other aneuploidies. So far, chromosome preparation of chorionic villi samplings (CVS) after shortterm (or direct) culture is the on ly valid, reliable and rapid method of choice for the earlydetection of chromosomal aberrations. However, because of the placental mosaicisms detected after short-term culture, CVS has to be confirmed by a second method. Moreover, short-term villi preparation does not always providea sufficient quantity a nd quality of metaphases to enable cytogenetic analysis. Unfortunately, a predicative cytogenetic result will be available only after long-term cultivation (usually after 1-2 weeks). An alternative rapid method, inexpensive and suitable for diagnosing autosomal trisomies, isthe quantitative fluorescence polymerase reaction (OF-PCR) using differentpolymorphic small tandem repeats (STRs) on CVS-DNA. Therefore, it was the aim of the study to evaluate whether a new CVS test strategy could be employed in early pregnancies at high risk after the rapid detection of fetal chromosomal abnormalities by QF-PCR for chromosomes 13, 18 or 21 and sexing in conjunction with short-term chromosome analysis. Materials: Nineteen CVS were chosen for OF-PCR detection of trisomy 21, 18 or 13 after an increasednuchal translucency measurement (greater than or equal to 95th centile forgestation age), a hydrops fetalis or a hygroma colli. The amelogenin locusof chromosomes X and Y (AMXY) were used for sexing. The OF-PCR results were com pared with routine karyotyping after short- and/or longterm cultivation of CVS cells. Results: An informative result was demonstrated in all analysed specimens. Nine CVS were diagnosed as a OF-PCR trisomy either for chromosome 21, 18 and 13. The pathological samples also included 4 cases of mosaicism where the normal cell line was not identified by QF-PCR. In 1 additional case with a normal OF-PCR result, short-term CVS chromosome analysis showed a mosaic trisomy 13, whereas long-term CVS culture revealed a normalkaryotype. The malformed aborted fetus showed no clinical signs of trisomy13, confirming the normal results obtained by OF-PCR and long-term CVS chromosome analysis. One pregnancy with a Turner syndrome was not identified by molecular analysis. Conclusions: This study showed that all early pregnancies with a clinically relevant autosomal trisomy could be detected prenatally in routine practice by OF-PCR, The combined use of both rapid methods -QF-PCR and short-term chromosome analysis - optimise the results by minimising the possibility of false-positive or false-negative findings. We believe that after verification of a pathological result obtained by two independent methods (QF-PCR and short-term CVS chromosome analysis), long-term villi cultivation is no longer necessary. However, in all cases with discrepancies, especially in samples with mosaic findings at short-term CVS cultivation, further studies are still necessary. Copyright (C) 2001 S. Karger AG. Basel.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 17:17:03