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Titolo:
The effect of the civil war on Rwanda's bean seed systems and unusual beandiversity
Autore:
Sperling, L;
Indirizzi:
Ctr Int Agr Trop, Cali, Colombia Ctr Int Agr Trop Cali ColombiaCtr Int Agr Trop, Cali, Colombia
Titolo Testata:
BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
fascicolo: 6, volume: 10, anno: 2001,
pagine: 989 - 1009
SICI:
0960-3115(200106)10:6<989:TEOTCW>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ADOPTION; FARMERS;
Keywords:
Phaseolus vulgaris L.; Rwanda; seed systems; varietal erosion; war;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sperling, L Ctr Int Agr Trop, Apartado Aereo 6713, Cali, Colombia Ctr Int Agr Trop Apartado Aereo 6713 Cali Colombia Colombia
Citazione:
L. Sperling, "The effect of the civil war on Rwanda's bean seed systems and unusual beandiversity", BIODIVERS C, 10(6), 2001, pp. 989-1009

Abstract

The Rwandan civil war escalated in 1994, killing 800 000 people and displacing another 2 million. Agriculture, the occupation of over 90% of the Rwandans was acutely affected as violence peaked in the middle of the growing season. This article analyses the effects of the war on bean varietal diversity as, pre-war, Rwandan farmers grew the greatest range of varieties in active use anywhere and maintaining such diversity was central to sustainableproduction. Extensive pre- and post-war assessments show the current bean varietal situation to be relatively promising. The war had lesser effects than anticipated: fighting was staggered, harvests were better than expected, and local seed channels generally continued functioning. However, changesin varietal profiles were noted over the longer term due to two trends: farmers' needs to intensify production and to respond to swift and widespreadroot rot pressures. The article ends with five methodological reflections on how to assess varietal erosion in sites of acute disruption.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/09/20 alle ore 22:17:33