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Titolo:
A critique of the construct "alexithymia" and its measurement - the weakness of self-report and the opportunities of an objective assessment approach
Autore:
Suslow, T; Kersting, A; Ohrmann, P; Arolt, V;
Indirizzi:
Univ Munster, Klin & Poliklin Psychiat & Psychotherapie, D-48149 Munster, Germany Univ Munster Munster Germany D-48149 otherapie, D-48149 Munster, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOSOMATISCHE MEDIZIN UND PSYCHOTHERAPIE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 47, anno: 2001,
pagine: 153 - 166
SICI:
1438-3608(2001)47:2<153:ACOTC">2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
PSYCHOSOMATIC-MEDICINE; EMOTIONAL AWARENESS; STRESS DISORDER; SCALE; VALIDATION; DEPRESSION; VERSION; HYPOTHESIS; REACTIVITY; RESPONSES;
Keywords:
alexithymia; self-report; Toronto-Alexithymia-Scale; construct validity;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
76
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Suslow, T Univ Munster, Klin & Poliklin Psychiat & Psychotherapie, Albert SchweitzerStr 11, D-48149 Munster, Germany Univ Munster Albert Schweitzer Str 11 Munster Germany D-48149 y
Citazione:
T. Suslow et al., "A critique of the construct "alexithymia" and its measurement - the weakness of self-report and the opportunities of an objective assessment approach", Z PSYCHOS M, 47(2), 2001, pp. 153-166

Abstract

Approximately thirty years ago the term alexithymia was coined but it is still open which characteristics have to be considered core symptoms of alexithymia. A selective review of recent expert definitions reveals dynamism in defining the alexithymia construct. At present, the self-report Toronto-Alexithymia-Scales (TAS) are the most frequently used measures of alexithymia. Empirical findings regarding various aspects of validity (factorial, concurrent, and experimental construct validity data) question the validity ofthe Toronto-Alexithymia-Scales. Alexithymia as measured by the TAS appearsnot to be consistently related to physiological, affect decoding or affective vigilance characteristics. The heterogeneity of the results could be due to the fact that non-alexithymic persons such as depressed or socially anxious individuals yield high scores on the TAS; on the other hand self-report appears to be in principle a methodologically inadequate approach for the assessment of alexithymia. Objective or direct measures of alexithymic characteristics as the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale or the prototypicity analysis of mood diaries based on adjective checklists seem to be promising assessment methods for future research.

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Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 00:25:15