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Titolo:
Polysubstance use among alcoholics
Autore:
Staines, GL; Magura, S; Foote, J; Deluca, A; Kosanke, N;
Indirizzi:
Natl Dev & Res Inst Inc, New York, NY 10010 USA Natl Dev & Res Inst Inc New York NY USA 10010 Inc, New York, NY 10010 USA St Lukes Roosevelt Hosp, Smithers Alcoholism Treatment & Training Ctr, NewYork, NY USA St Lukes Roosevelt Hosp New York NY USA & Training Ctr, NewYork, NY USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ADDICTIVE DISEASES
fascicolo: 4, volume: 20, anno: 2001,
pagine: 53 - 69
SICI:
1055-0887(2001)20:4<53:PUAA>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POLYDRUG USE; TIMELINE FOLLOWBACK; HUMAN-HAIR; COCAINE; VALIDITY; RELIABILITY; ABUSE; METHAMPHETAMINE; COMORBIDITY; CONCURRENT;
Keywords:
illegal drugs; drug use; drug abuse; drug dependence; drug treatment; alcoholism; alcohol dependence; substance use; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; polysubstance use;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Staines, GL Natl Dev & Res Inst Inc, 71 W 23rd St, New York, NY 10010 USA Natl Dev & Res Inst Inc 71 W 23rd St New York NY USA 10010 USA
Citazione:
G.L. Staines et al., "Polysubstance use among alcoholics", J ADDICT D, 20(4), 2001, pp. 53-69

Abstract

Contemporary alcoholics often use multiple substances, but there is littlesystematic research on this. This study examines the drug use comorbidity of alcoholics (DSM diagnosis, frequency and quantity of drug use); the relationship between drinking and drug use; the relative severity of alcohol- and drug-related problems; and the validity of reports of illicit drug use. Data on substance use were collected from 248 treatment-seeking alcoholics using an expanded Timeline Follow-Back (TLFB) interview. Self-reports of substance use were validated with data from biological specimens (urine and hair). Lifetime diagnosis of joint alcohol and drug dependence/abuse was 64%. Two-thirds (68%) reported using drugs in the past 90 days: 33% powder cocaine; 29% crack cocaine; 15% heroin, and 24% cannabis. The mean proportionsof exposed days on which users reported consuming a substance were 57% (alcohol), 26% (powder cocaine), 46% (crack cocaine), 47% (heroin), and 29% (cannabis). Subjects reported consuming an average of 14 standard drinks on adrinking day and $67 worth of drugs on a using day. Drug users reported drinking less than nonusers on a drinking day. Frequency of drinking and druguse were positively correlated; almost all drug users reported simultaneous drinking and drug use; and they rated drugs as the bigger problem. Considerable under-reporting of drug use occurred for the previous 3-4 days, but was more accurate for the previous month. (C) 2001 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 15:47:20