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Titolo:
APOPTOSIS AND CLONOGENIC CELL-DEATH IN PC3 HUMAN PROSTATE-CANCER CELLS AFTER TREATMENT WITH GAMMA-RADIATION AND SURAMIN
Autore:
PALAYOOR ST; BUMP EA; TEICHER BA; COLEMAN CN;
Indirizzi:
HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,JOINT CTR RADIAT THERAPY,330 BROOKLINE AVE BOSTON MA 02215 DANA FARBER CANC INST BOSTON MA 02115
Titolo Testata:
Radiation research
fascicolo: 2, volume: 148, anno: 1997,
pagine: 105 - 114
SICI:
0033-7587(1997)148:2<105:AACCIP>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HAMSTER FIBROSARCOMA CELLS; FIBROBLAST GROWTH-FACTOR; PROTEIN KINASE-C; T-LYMPHOMA CELLS; IN-VITRO; PHASE-I; PROLIFERATION; INHIBITION; DRUG; IRRADIATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
65
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.T. Palayoor et al., "APOPTOSIS AND CLONOGENIC CELL-DEATH IN PC3 HUMAN PROSTATE-CANCER CELLS AFTER TREATMENT WITH GAMMA-RADIATION AND SURAMIN", Radiation research, 148(2), 1997, pp. 105-114

Abstract

Suramin is a novel cytostatic/cytotoxic agent that is currently undergoing clinical trials in the treatment of hormone- and chemo-refractory tumors. Its unusual mechanism of action and its activity against prostate cancer raise the possibility that it could be particularly suitable for combined-modality treatment of prostate cancer. PC3 human prostate cancer tells were used as an in vitro model to test the possible interaction between suramin and ionizing radiation. Treatment with gamma radiation resulted in detachment of PC3 cells from the monolayer, and the detached cells exhibited internucleosomal DNA fragmentation characteristic of apoptosis. Low concentrations of suramin (50-100 mu g/ml, 35-70 mu M) increased spontaneous as well as radiation-enhanced apoptosis. However, suramin inhibited spontaneous and radiation-enhanced apoptosis at 300 mu g/ml (210 mu M), a concentration that is more commonly used in the clinic. At this concentration suramin inhibited DNA fragmentation induced by chemotherapeutic drugs as well. The effect of suramin on inhibition of DNA fragmentation was reversible if the suramin was removed 24 h after irradiation. Despite inhibition of radiation-induced apoptosis by 300 mu g/ml suramin (from 5% to 2.9% at 48 h), clonogenic cell death was enhanced by the combination of suramin and radiation. The effects of radiation and suramin on cIonogenic cell survival appeared to be additive by isobologram analysis at clinically relevant radiation doses. Continuous exposure to a lower concentration of suramin (100 mu g/ml) during the clonogenic assay period was as effective in decreasing clonogenic survival as 48 h exposure to 300 mu g/ml suramin in decreasing clonogenic survival. Our data indicate that, when used in combination with radiation, suramin may be effective at concentrations that are lower than those required for efficacy as a singleagent. (C) 1997 bg Radiation Research Society.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 12/08/20 alle ore 20:57:02