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Titolo:
A habitat island approach to conserving birds in urban landscapes: case studies from southern and northern Europe
Autore:
Fernandez-Juricic, E; Jokimaki, J;
Indirizzi:
Univ Lapland, Arctic Ctr, Rovaniemi, Finland Univ Lapland Rovaniemi Finland Lapland, Arctic Ctr, Rovaniemi, Finland Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Oxford OX1 3PS, England Univ Oxford Oxford England OX1 3PS d, Dept Zool, Oxford OX1 3PS, England
Titolo Testata:
BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
fascicolo: 12, volume: 10, anno: 2001,
pagine: 2023 - 2043
SICI:
0960-3115(2001)10:12<2023:AHIATC>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BLACKBIRD TURDUS-MERULA; HUMAN DISTURBANCE; WOODLAND FRAGMENTS; SPECIES-DIVERSITY; FLEDGING SUCCESS; WINTERING BIRDS; RURAL GRADIENTS; NEST PREDATION; FOREST BIRDS; GREAT TITS;
Keywords:
bird conservation; fragmentation; habitat island theory; urban birds; urban ecosystems;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
102
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jokimaki, J Univ Lapland, Arctic Ctr, POB 122, Rovaniemi, Finland Univ Lapland POB 122 Rovaniemi Finland 2, Rovaniemi, Finland
Citazione:
E. Fernandez-Juricic e J. Jokimaki, "A habitat island approach to conserving birds in urban landscapes: case studies from southern and northern Europe", BIODIVERS C, 10(12), 2001, pp. 2023-2043

Abstract

Wildlife conservation in urban habitats is increasingly important due to current urbanization trends. We review the different approaches to studying birds in urban landscapes, and point out the importance of the habitat island ecological theory as a research framework for the management and conservation of urban birds. Based on two comprehensive research projects conducted at urban parks in Spain (Madrid) and Finland (Oulu and Rovaniemi), several different issues related to bird conservation in cities are discussed, main findings of these projects are presented, and future research needs are suggested. Urban parks are important biodiversity hotspots in cities. Fragmentation conditions have the same deleterious effects to urban birds as in other fragmented landscapes. Park size accounts for species accumulation inurban parks; this pattern being highly nested. Urban parks of 10-35 ha would contain most of the species recorded in cities, but other indicators related to the probabilities of persistence of the target species should be obtained. Wooded streets can increase urban landscape connectivity by providing alternative habitat for feeding and nesting during the breeding season. Because increasing the size of parks is difficult in cities, enhancement ofhabitat diversity and resource availability for birds within parks (e.g. nest boxes, winter feeding tables, etc.) appears to be a straightforward wayof increasing urban bird diversity. However, human disturbance (pedestrians) should be controlled since it can negatively influence many urban birds. We present a conceptual model for urban bird conservation, which includes three aspects (management, environmental education and research) and new alternatives to promote the involvement of different sectors of the society.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 13:25:29