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Titolo:
The effect of anthropometric and socioeconomic factors on the racial difference in lung function
Autore:
Harik-Khan, RI; Fleg, JL; Muller, DC; Wise, RA;
Indirizzi:
NIA, Clin Res Branch, Ctr Gerontol Res, NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA NIA Baltimore MD USA 21224 Ctr Gerontol Res, NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21231 USA Johns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA 21231 ch Med, Baltimore, MD 21231 USA Johns Hopkins Asthma & Allergy Ctr, Div Pulm & Crit Care Med, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA Johns Hopkins Asthma & Allergy Ctr Baltimore MD USA 21224 e, MD 21224 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
fascicolo: 9, volume: 164, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1647 - 1654
SICI:
1073-449X(20011101)164:9<1647:TEOAAS>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SPIROMETRIC REFERENCE VALUES; PULMONARY-FUNCTION; VENTILATORY FUNCTIONS; MEXICAN-AMERICAN; NORMAL-CHILDREN; WHITE-CHILDREN; YOUNG-ADULTS; RISK-FACTORS; WEIGHT-GAIN; BLACK;
Keywords:
respiratory function tests; anthropology, physical; social class; body mass index; reference values;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Harik-Khan, RI NIA, Clin Res Branch, Ctr Gerontol Res, NIH, 5600 Nathan Shock Dr,Box 06, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA NIA 5600 Nathan Shock Dr,Box 06 Baltimore MD USA 21224 USA
Citazione:
R.I. Harik-Khan et al., "The effect of anthropometric and socioeconomic factors on the racial difference in lung function", AM J R CRIT, 164(9), 2001, pp. 1647-1654

Abstract

African-Americans have lower lung function than whites. However, the relative contributions of body habitus and socioeconomic factors are unknown. Toaddress this question, we analyzed data from 1242 white (806 women, 436 men) and 1084 African-American (696 women, 388 men) asymptomatic, nonsmoking adult participants of the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). African-Americans were poorer, had larger FEV1/FVC and body mass index (BMI), but lower sitting height, FEV1 and FVC than whites. Cross-sectional regression analyses using spirometric, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were performed separately by sex to investigate racial differences in lung function. Sitting height accounted for 35-39% of the race difference in both sexes. Poverty index accounted for about 7.5% and 2.5%of the racial difference in women and men, respectively, whereas the effect of education accounted for about 2% in women and 4.7% in men. With further adjustment for BMI, we could account for only about half of the racial difference in FEV1 and FVC. We conclude that the racial difference in lung function is only partially explained by a shorter upper body segment in African-Americans. Although low socioeconomic indicators are related to lower lung function, they explain only a small proportion of this racial difference.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 06:18:42