Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Electrical stimulation of the visual system. From empirical approaches to the development of visual implants
Autore:
Uhlig, CE; Taneri, S; Benner, FP; Gerding, H;
Indirizzi:
Univ Munster, Augenklin, D-48129 Munster, Germany Univ Munster Munster Germany D-48129 Augenklin, D-48129 Munster, Germany
Titolo Testata:
OPHTHALMOLOGE
fascicolo: 11, volume: 98, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1089 - 1096
SICI:
0941-293X(200111)98:11<1089:ESOTVS>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
RETINITIS-PIGMENTOSA; SUBRETINAL MICROPHOTODIODES; DEGENERATED PHOTORECEPTORS; MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS; GANGLION-CELLS; RETINAL TACKS; INNER RETINA; BLIND; CORTEX; PROSTHESIS;
Keywords:
visual prosthesis; retinal implants; artificial eye; electrical stimulation; visual cortex;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
63
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Uhlig, CE Univ Munster, Augenklin, Domagkstr 15, D-48129 Munster, Germany Univ Munster Domagkstr 15 Munster Germany D-48129 ster, Germany
Citazione:
C.E. Uhlig et al., "Electrical stimulation of the visual system. From empirical approaches to the development of visual implants", OPHTHALMOLO, 98(11), 2001, pp. 1089-1096

Abstract

The investigation of the influence of electrical stimulation on the visualsystem can be subdivided into empirical, diagnostic and therapeutic phasesof development. The first electrical stimulations of the visual system in animals dating back to the eighteenth century represent empirical approaches well before knowledge on the principles of bioelectrical nerve activity was available. Despite this lack of understanding, attempts were made at that time to treat blind people by electrical stimulation. More than 100 yearslater, with the advancement of technology and knowledge on nerve function,attempts were made to establish various methods of electrical stimulation for the diagnosis of different diseases of the visual system. For more than30 years attempts to develop electrical devices have been made to by-pass defects of the visual system and to restore basic orientation. Presently nine different groups world-wide are focusing on retinal, optic or cortical implants. A short review on the historical use of electrical stimulation andnew therapeutical attempts are given in this paper.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 22:54:59