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Titolo:
Value of structured meals for weight management: Risk factors and long-term weight maintenance
Autore:
Ditschuneit, HH; Flechtner-Mors, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Ulm, D-89081 Ulm, Germany Univ Ulm Ulm Germany D-89081Univ Ulm, D-89081 Ulm, Germany
Titolo Testata:
OBESITY RESEARCH
, volume: 9, anno: 2001, supplemento:, 4
pagine: 284S - 289S
SICI:
1071-7323(200111)9:<284S:VOSMFW>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DIETARY INTERVENTION; ENERGY RESTRICTION; FOOD PROVISION; PLASMA-LIPIDS; REDUCTION; WOMEN; MORTALITY; BENEFITS; PROGRAM; OBESITY;
Keywords:
obesity treatment; meal replacements; weight maintenance; modest weight reduction; biomarkers of disease;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ditschuneit, HH Univ Ulm, Robert Koch St 8, D-89081 Ulm, Germany Univ Ulm Robert Koch St 8 Ulm Germany D-89081 lm, Germany
Citazione:
H.H. Ditschuneit e M. Flechtner-Mors, "Value of structured meals for weight management: Risk factors and long-term weight maintenance", OBES RES, 9, 2001, pp. 284S-289S

Abstract

Objective: To examine changes in biomarkers of disease risk after 51 months of reduced energy intake and sustained weight loss. Research Methods and Procedures: This study was conducted as a prospective, randomized, two-arm, parallel intervention for 12 weeks followed by a prospective, single-arm, 4-year trial in a university-based hospital clinic. One hundred patients were randomly assigned to one of two dietary interventions for 3 months. Group A was prescribed an energy-restricted diet of 1200 to 1500 kcal/d, and group B was prescribed an isocaloric diet, whereby two of three meals were replaced with nutrient-fortified liquid meal replacements. After 3 months, the patients were prescribed the same caloric reductionand used once-daily replacements for the succeeding 4 years. Body weight and blood pressure were checked monthly. Biomarkers of disease risk were measured after 3, 9, 15, 27, and 51 months. Results: During the 3-month weight-loss period, body weight was reduced by1.5 +/- 0.4% and 7.8 +/- 0.5% (mean SEM) for groups A and B, respectively. After 4 years, 75% of the patients were evaluated. Total mean weight loss was 3.3 +/- 0.8% and 8.4 +/- 0.8% for groups A and B, respectively. Both groups of patients showed significant improvement in glucose, insulin, triacylglycerol, and systolic blood pressure. Cholesterol concentrations were reduced in patients with high initial cholesterol levels and maintenance of a 7% weight loss. Discussion: Providing a structured meal plan with liquid meal replacementsis an effective treatment for obese subjects. Long-term maintenance of weight loss with meal replacements improves biomarkers of disease risk.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 12:41:19