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Titolo:
Endogenous cannabinoids mediate hypotension after experimental myocardial infarction
Autore:
Wagner, JA; Hu, K; Bauersachs, J; Karcher, J; Wiesler, M; Goparaju, SK; Kunos, G; Ertl, G;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wurzburg, Dept Med, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany D-97080 pt Med, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany NIAAA, NIH, Bethesda, MD USA NIAAA Bethesda MD USANIAAA, NIH, Bethesda, MD USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY
fascicolo: 7, volume: 38, anno: 2001,
pagine: 2048 - 2054
SICI:
0735-1097(200112)38:7<2048:ECMHAE>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE; CARDIOGENIC-SHOCK; MESENTERIC VASODILATION; PLASMA-LEVELS; RECEPTOR; CB1; ENDOTOXEMIA; EXPRESSION; ACTIVATION; ANTAGONIST;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Wagner, JA Univ Wurzburg, Dept Med, Josef Schneider Str 2, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Josef Schneider Str 2 Wurzburg Germany D-97080 y
Citazione:
J.A. Wagner et al., "Endogenous cannabinoids mediate hypotension after experimental myocardial infarction", J AM COL C, 38(7), 2001, pp. 2048-2054

Abstract

OBJECTIVES We sought to determine whether endocannabinoids influence hemodynamic variables in an experimental models of acute myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Hypotension and cardiogenic shock are common complications in acute MI. Cannabinoids are strong vasodilators, and endocannabinoids are involved in hypotension in hemorrhagic and septic shock. METHODS The early effect of left coronary artery ligation on hemodynamic variables was measured in rats pretreated with the selective cannabinoid, receptor (CB1) antagonist SR141716A (herein referred to as SR, 6.45 mu mol/kgbody weight intravenously) or vehicle. Endocannabinoids produced in monocytes and platelets were quantified by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS), and their effects on blood pressure and vascular reactivity weredetermined. RESULTS After MI, mean arterial pressure (MAP) dropped from 126 +/- 2 min Hg to 76 +/- 3 mm Hg in control rats, whereas the decline in blood pressurewas smaller (from 121 3 mm Hg to 108 +/- 7 min Hg, p < 0.01) in rats pretreated with SR. SR increased the tachycardia that follows MI (change [<Delta>] in heart rate [HR] = +107 +/- 21 beate/min vs. + 49 +/- 9 beats/min in control rats, p < 0.05). The MI sizes were the same in control rats and SR-treated rats. Circulating monocytes and platelets isolated 30 min after MI only, decreased MAP when injected into untreated rats (<Delta>MAP = -20 +/- 5 min Hg), but not in SR-pretreated rats. The endocannabinoids anandamide and 2-arachidonyl glycerol were detected in monocytes and platelets isolatedafter MI, but not in cells from sham rats. Survival rates at 2 h after MI were 70% for control rats and 36% for SR-treated rats (p < 0.05). Endothelium-dependent arterial relaxation was attenuated after MI (maximal relaxation: 44 +/- 3% [p < 0.01] vs. 70 3% in control rats) and further depressed by, SR treatment (24 +/- 5%, p < 0.01 vs. MI placebo). CONCLUSIONS Cannabinoids generated in monocytes and platelets contribute to hypotension in acute MI. Cannabinoid, receptor blockade restores MAP but increases 2-h mortality, possibly by impairing endothelial function. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2001;38:2048-54) (C) 2001 by the American College of Cardiology.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/01/20 alle ore 07:44:51