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Titolo:
Heart rate adaptive optimization of spatial and temporal resolution for electrocardiogram-gated multislice spiral CT of the heart
Autore:
Flohr, T; Ohnesorge, B;
Indirizzi:
Siemens Med Solut, CTC CF, Computed Tomog Div, D-91301 Forchheim, Germany Siemens Med Solut Forchheim Germany D-91301 , D-91301 Forchheim, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED TOMOGRAPHY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 25, anno: 2001,
pagine: 907 - 923
SICI:
0363-8715(200111/12)25:6<907:HRAOOS>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORRELATED IMAGE-RECONSTRUCTION; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY; CORONARY-ARTERIES; ELECTRON-BEAM; HELICAL CT; ALGORITHM; SCANS;
Keywords:
computed tomography, techniques; heart, diseases; coronary artery disease; electrocardiogram;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
16
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Flohr, T Siemens Med Solut, CTC CF, Computed Tomog Div, Siemensstr 1, D-91301 Forchheim, Germany Siemens Med Solut Siemensstr 1 Forchheim Germany D-91301 Germany
Citazione:
T. Flohr e B. Ohnesorge, "Heart rate adaptive optimization of spatial and temporal resolution for electrocardiogram-gated multislice spiral CT of the heart", J COMPUT AS, 25(6), 2001, pp. 907-923

Abstract

Purpose: We introduce a reconstruction method for electrocardiogram (ECG)gated multislice spiral computed tomography (CT) examinations of the heart [adaptive cardio volume (ACV) reconstruction]. It is evaluated for a four-slice CT system (Siemens Somatom VolumeZoom). Method: State-of-the-art reconstruction techniques for ECG-gated multislice spiral CT use scan data from Nconsecutive heart cycles for image reconstruction. With increased N, the temporal resolution improves up to t(rot)/(2N) (t(rot) is the 360 degrees rotation time of the scanner) but at the expense of insufficient volume coverage or loss of longitudinal resolution, especially at low heart rates. Withthe ACV technique, the number N of consecutive heart cycles used for imagereconstruction is automatically adapted to the momentary heart rate of thepatient, ranging from N = 1 at very low heart rates up to N = 3 at high heart rates, to maintain both high z resolution (reconstructed slice width close to the collimated slice width) and adequate temporal resolution. We evaluated slice sensitivity profiles and investigated 10 patients with different heart rates ranging from 55 to 110 beats/min for CT angiography (CTA) studies of the coronary arteries and compared the results with those from a reconstruction with fixed N (N = 1 and N = 2). Axial images as well as multiplanar reformations were used for an evaluation of image quality. Results: With the ACV approach, the complete heart may be scanned at I min slice width within 25-35 s. A narrow slice sensitivity profile (full width at half-maximum of approximately 1.3 mm) is maintained for all heart rates. Diagnostic results can be obtained for heart rates up to about 95 beats/min by individual patient optimization of the ECG gating parameters. Improved temporalresolution at the expense of reduced longitudinal resolution may degrade the image quality of CTA studies at low heart rates by blurring plaques and stenoses. Conclusion: The results indicate the potential of the ACV reconstruction technique for high-resolution coronary CTA in a wide range of heartrates.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 09:46:08