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Titolo:
Regionally selective alterations in local cerebral glucose utilization evoked by charybdotoxin, a blocker of central voltage-activated K+-channels
Autore:
Cochran, SM; Harvey, AL; Pratt, JA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Strathclyde, Strathclyde Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Glasgow G4 0NR, Lanark, Scotland Univ Strathclyde Glasgow Lanark Scotland G4 0NR G4 0NR, Lanark, Scotland
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
fascicolo: 9, volume: 14, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1455 - 1463
SICI:
0953-816X(200111)14:9<1455:RSAILC>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GATED POTASSIUM CHANNELS; LONG-TERM POTENTIATION; AFFINITY BINDING-SITES; RAT-BRAIN; SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION; DIRECT ASSOCIATION; PYRAMIDAL NEURONS; MAMMALIAN BRAIN; ALPHA-SUBUNIT; LOCALIZATION;
Keywords:
2-deoxyglucose autoradiography; Kv1 channels; rat; Schaffer collaterals; septohippocampal pathway;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
50
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pratt, JA Univ Strathclyde, Strathclyde Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Glasgow G4 0NR, Lanark, Scotland Univ Strathclyde Glasgow Lanark Scotland G4 0NR anark, Scotland
Citazione:
S.M. Cochran et al., "Regionally selective alterations in local cerebral glucose utilization evoked by charybdotoxin, a blocker of central voltage-activated K+-channels", EUR J NEURO, 14(9), 2001, pp. 1455-1463

Abstract

The quantitative [C-14]-2-deoxyglucose autoradiographic technique was employed to investigate the effect of charybdotoxin, a blocker of certain voltage-activated K+ channels, on functional activity, as reflected by changes in local rates of cerebral glucose utilization in rat brain. Intracerebroventricular administration of charybdotoxin, at doses below those producing seizure activity, produced a heterogeneous effect on glucose utilization throughout the brain. Out of the 75 brain regions investigated, 24 displayed alterations in glucose utilization. The majority of these changes were observed with the intermediate dose of charybdotoxin administered (12.5 pmol), with the lower (6.25 pmol) and higher (25 pmol) doses of charybdotoxin producing a much more restricted pattern of change in glucose utilization. In brain regions which displayed alterations in glucose at all doses of charybdotoxin administered, no dose dependency in terms of the magnitude of change was observed. The 21 brain regions which displayed altered functional activity after administration of 12.5 pmol charybdotoxin were predominantly limited to the hippocampus, limbic and motor structures. In particular, glucose utilization was altered within three pathways implicated within learning and memory processes, the septohippocampal pathway, Schaffer collaterals within the hippocampus and the Papez circuit. The nigrostriatal pathway also displayed altered local cerebral glucose utilization, These data indicate that charybdotoxin produces alterations in functional activity within selectedpathways in the brain. Furthermore the results raise the possibility that manipulation of particular subtypes of Kv1 channels in the hippocampus and related structures may be a means of altering cognitive processes without causing global changes in neural activity throughout the brain.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 14:37:47