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Titolo:
Effects of moderate hypothermia on sarcolemmal Na+/H+ exchanger activity and its inhibition by cariporide in cardiac ventricular myocytes
Autore:
Hoshino, K; Avkiran, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ London Kings Coll, Rayne Inst, St Thomas Hosp, Ctr Cardiovasc Biol & Med, London SE1 7EH, England Univ London Kings Coll London England SE1 7EH d, London SE1 7EH, England
Titolo Testata:
BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY
fascicolo: 7, volume: 134, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1587 - 1595
SICI:
0007-1188(200112)134:7<1587:EOMHOS>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INTRACELLULAR PH REGULATION; ISOLATED RAT-HEART; PROTEIN-KINASE-C; H+ EXCHANGER; MYOCARDIAL PRESERVATION; TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCY; PURKINJE-FIBERS; SHEEP HEART; ISCHEMIA; CELLS;
Keywords:
Na+/H+ exchange; cariporide; hypothermia; temperature; myocyte;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Avkiran, M Univ London Kings Coll, Rayne Inst, St Thomas Hosp, Ctr Cardiovasc Biol & Med, London SE1 7EH, England Univ London Kings Coll London England SE1 7EH E1 7EH, England
Citazione:
K. Hoshino e M. Avkiran, "Effects of moderate hypothermia on sarcolemmal Na+/H+ exchanger activity and its inhibition by cariporide in cardiac ventricular myocytes", BR J PHARM, 134(7), 2001, pp. 1587-1595

Abstract

1 Specific inhibitors of the sarcolemmal Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) such as cariporide are being evaluated for cardioprotective therapy during cardiac surgery. We determined the effects of moderate hypothermia (25 degreesC), as occurs during cardiac surgery, on (1) sarcolemmal NHE activity and (2) the NHE-inhibitory potency of cariporide, in isolated adult rat ventricular myocytes.2 As the index of NHE activity, trans-sarcolemmal acid efflux rate (J(H)) was determined by microepifluorescence in single cells (n = 8 to 11 per group), during recovery from intracellular acidosis in bicarbonate-free conditions.3 Initially, myocytes were subjected to two consecutive acid pulses; theseboth occurred at 37 degreesC in the normothermic control group but the second pulse was at 25 degreesC in the moderate hypothermia group. J(H) valuesobtained after the first pulse were superimposed in both groups, indicating comparable cell populations. However, after the second pulse, J(H) valuesin the moderate hypothermia group were approximately 50% of those in the normothermic control group over the pH(i) range 6.80-7.10.4 Similar results were obtained in cells subjected to a single acid pulse at 37 or 25 degreesC, with J(H) values in the latter group measuring approximately 60% of those in the former over the pH(i) range 6.80-7.10.5 Cariporide (0.01, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 1.0 or 3.0 muM), present during recovery from a single acid pulse, reduced J(H) in a concentration-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 150 and 130 nM at 37 and 25 degreesC, respectively.6 We conclude that moderate hypothermia produces (1) a significant, but partial, inhibition of sarcolemmal NHE activity, and (2) no significant effect on the NHE-inhibitory potency of cariporide.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 03:55:40