Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
School education and allergic sensitization in adults
Autore:
Schaffer, T; Ruhdorfer, S; Weigl, L; Wessner, D; Heinrich, J; Wichmann, HE; Ring, J;
Indirizzi:
Med Univ Lubeck, Inst Social Med, D-23538 Lubeck, Germany Med Univ LubeckLubeck Germany D-23538 cial Med, D-23538 Lubeck, Germany GSF, Natl Res Ctr Environm & Hlth, Inst Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany GSF Neuherberg Germany ronm & Hlth, Inst Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany Univ Munich, Inst Med Data Proc Biometr & Epidemiol, Munich, Germany Univ Munich Munich Germany ta Proc Biometr & Epidemiol, Munich, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ALLERGY
fascicolo: 12, volume: 56, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1206 - 1210
SICI:
0105-4538(200112)56:12<1206:SEAASI>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SKIN-TEST REACTIVITY; SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS; RISK-FACTORS; BIRTH-ORDER; CHILDREN; PREVALENCE; GERMANY; ATOPY; CHILDHOOD; ECZEMA;
Keywords:
adults; epidemiology; sensitization; skin prick test; specific IgE; socioeconomic status;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schaffer, T Med Univ Lubeck, Univ Klinikum Lubeck, Inst Social Med, Beckergrube 43-47,D-23552 Lubeck, Germany Med Univ Lubeck Beckergrube 43-47 Lubeck Germany D-23552 many
Citazione:
T. Schaffer et al., "School education and allergic sensitization in adults", ALLERGY, 56(12), 2001, pp. 1206-1210

Abstract

Background: There is evidence of an association between socioeconomic status (SES) and atopy mainly from studies in children which investigated atopic diseases and parental SES. We determined the association of allergic sensitization. as measured by skin prick test (SPT) and allergen-specific IgE (RAST), and SES in a population-based study in adults. Methods: Within a population-based. nested, case-control study, a standardized interview was performed and allergic sensitization to common aeroallergens was determined by SPT and RAST. Results: A total of 1537 adults (50.4% female, age: median 50.0, range 28-78 years) were investigated, half of whom (50.2%) exhibited at least one positive RAST result according to the study design. SPT reactivity was 37.3% in this group and was estimated to be 26.1% in the representative study base of 4178 adults. Within increasing categories of school graduation (none: after 8, 10, 13, and > 13 years), the prevalence of SPT (20.5%, 31.3%, 44.0%, 44.2%, 48.1%; P trend <0.0001) and RAST reactivity (35.0%, 48.0%, 52.3%,48.4%, 58.4%, P trend = 0.004) increased continuously. Similar results were obtained when testing this association on the level of single allergens. After control for age, sex, and parental history of atopic diseases. all but the first odds ratios for SPT remained significant (first category = reference, 2.06, 3.21, 3.88, 3.96). The same model for RAST reactivity revealeda similar result with effect estimate for the last category being significant (first category = reference, 1.89, 2.08, 2.10, 2.81). Conclusions: Allergic sensitization (SPT and RAST) to common aeroallergensin adults follows a significant and linear association with school education.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/21 alle ore 09:31:26