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Titolo:
Humic substances: Considerations of compositions, aspects of structure, and environmental influences
Autore:
Hayes, MHB; Clapp, CE;
Indirizzi:
Univ Minnesota, USDA ARS, St Paul, MN 55108 USA Univ Minnesota St Paul MNUSA 55108 sota, USDA ARS, St Paul, MN 55108 USA Univ Minnesota, Dept Soil Water & Climate, St Paul, MN 55108 USA Univ Minnesota St Paul MN USA 55108 ater & Climate, St Paul, MN 55108 USA Univ Limerick, Dept Chem & Environm Sci, Limerick, Ireland Univ Limerick Limerick Ireland t Chem & Environm Sci, Limerick, Ireland
Titolo Testata:
SOIL SCIENCE
fascicolo: 11, volume: 166, anno: 2001,
pagine: 723 - 737
SICI:
0038-075X(200111)166:11<723:HSCOCA>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SIZE-EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY; ORGANIC-CARBON; AGGREGATE STABILITY; SOIL; GLOMALIN; MODEL; ACID; CORN;
Keywords:
soil and water humic substances; humin; humic structures; carbon sequestration; humic substances fractionation; humic compositions; humic acid; fulvic acid; glomalin;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
64
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hayes, MHB Univ Minnesota, USDA ARS, St Paul, MN 55108 USA Univ MinnesotaSt Paul MN USA 55108 ARS, St Paul, MN 55108 USA
Citazione:
M.H.B. Hayes e C.E. Clapp, "Humic substances: Considerations of compositions, aspects of structure, and environmental influences", SOIL SCI, 166(11), 2001, pp. 723-737

Abstract

Humic substances (HS) are the major components of the mixture of materialsthat comprise soil organic matter, and these substances, which are by far the most abundant organic materials in the environment, are themselves complicated mixtures of biologically transformed organic debris. However, it islikely that many of the solubilization properties of the mixtures arise from the presence of nonhumic components that are intimately associated with the HS and that cannot be separated effectively from these components. Separation and fractionation techniques are improving, and most of the instruments needed to advance awareness of the composition and aspects of structures are now in place. There is a need, however, to review the operational definitions that now apply and to put in place a classification system that will take into account origins and some compositional characteristics. The broad based definition of humin is especially unsatisfactory. This umbrella term covers a mixture of materials that are insoluble in aqueous systems andthat contain nonhumic components such as long chain hydrocarbons, esters, acids, and even relatively polar structures of microbial origin, such as polysaccharides and glomalin, that can be associated with the nonpolar moieties and with soil minerals, as well as plant components that are highly resistant to decomposition. Advances in the humic sciences in recent times havebeen impressive, and the questioning of 'ingrained' theories and concepts is opening vistas through which we are seeing new concepts of size, shape, and association; the remarkable developments in nuclear magnetic resonance are also allowing better interpretations of compositions and of aspects of structures. From these advances will emerge a more fundamental understanding of HS functions in such important roles as the stabilization of soil aggregates, the binding of anthropogenic organic chemicals, and the sequestration of C from atmospheric CO2. The latter function is especially important at this time because we need to know why some soils sequester more C than others and why the qualities (or composition and structure) of HS in some soils are different from those in others.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/12/20 alle ore 15:53:04