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Titolo:
The effects of methylphenidate in the classroom: What dosage, for which children, for what problems?
Autore:
Northup, J; Gulley, V; Edwards, S; Fountain, L;
Indirizzi:
Louisiana State Univ, Dept Psychol, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA Louisiana State Univ Baton Rouge LA USA 70803 , Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA
Titolo Testata:
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY QUARTERLY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 303 - 323
SICI:
1045-3830(200123)16:3<303:TEOMIT>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ATTENTION-DEFICIT DISORDER; HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; STIMULANT MEDICATION; SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR; ADHD; PHARMACOTHERAPY; PERFORMANCE; UTILITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Northup, J Louisiana State Univ, Dept Psychol, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA Louisiana State Univ 236 Audubon Hall Baton Rouge LA USA 70803
Citazione:
J. Northup et al., "The effects of methylphenidate in the classroom: What dosage, for which children, for what problems?", SCH PSYCH Q, 16(3), 2001, pp. 303-323

Abstract

In this study we conducted single-case analyses of the dosage and time-course effects of methylphenidate (MPH; Ritalin) on disruptive classroom behavior, math and reading performance, and social engagement. Clear individual differences were demonstrated (a) across children; (b) across academic, behavioral, and social domains of functioning; (c) for dose-response effects; and (d) in the onset and duration of effects. These results are in contrastto the majority of group studies that suggest a generally positive and linear dose-response effect for MPH across both children and domains of functioning. No particular dose-response relationship between disruptive behaviorand academic performance was indicated. However, an increasing dosage of MPH was associated with increasing social withdrawal for 2 of the 3 participants. Implications for school-based medication evaluations and for designing optimal comprehensive interventions for children who receive MPH are discussed.

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Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 07:22:35