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Titolo:
Assessment of variables affecting choice and application to classroom interventions
Autore:
Neef, NA; Lutz, MN;
Indirizzi:
Ohio State Univ, Coll Educ, PAES, Columbus, OH 43210 USA Ohio State Univ Columbus OH USA 43210 Educ, PAES, Columbus, OH 43210 USA Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn Philadelphia PA USA 19104Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA
Titolo Testata:
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY QUARTERLY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 239 - 252
SICI:
1045-3830(200123)16:3<239:AOVACA>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONTINGENT TEACHER ATTENTION; MATCHING THEORY; REINFORCER QUALITY; BEHAVIOR;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Neef, NA Ohio State Univ, Coll Educ, PAES, 1945 N High St,Arps Hall, Columbus, OH 43210 USA Ohio State Univ 1945 N High St,Arps Hall Columbus OH USA 43210 SA
Citazione:
N.A. Neef e M.N. Lutz, "Assessment of variables affecting choice and application to classroom interventions", SCH PSYCH Q, 16(3), 2001, pp. 239-252

Abstract

We report the results of a brief, computer-based assessment of reinforcer dimensions affecting choice and the application of information yielded by the assessment in informing interventions for classroom disruptions of two students. The assessment involved successive presentations of two concurrentsets of math problem options, each of which was associated with competing reinforcer or response dimensions (reinforcer rate, quality, delay, and response effort) in a counterbalanced fashion. The results showed that choice (time allocated problems within each set) was differentially affected by the reinforcer or response dimensions. We then investigated the effectivenessof interventions informed by the assessment in reducing the students' classroom disruptions. Following baseline, levels of the reinforcer dimension shown by the assessment to be most influential were alternated in the context of a reversal design. For one student, we evaluated the effects of immediate versus delayed access to reinforcers contingent on not exceeding a specified number of daily disruptions. For the other student, we evaluated the effects of high quality versus low quality reinforcers on the rate of disruptions. Results showed a decrease in the rate of disruptions in the conditions involving favorable levels of the influential reinforcer dimension, confirming the treatment utility of the information yielded by the assessment.

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Documento generato il 13/07/20 alle ore 08:04:28