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Titolo:
Maturation of synaptic transmission at end-bulb synapses of the cochlear nucleus
Autore:
Brenowitz, S; Trussell, LO;
Indirizzi:
Oregon Hlth Sci Univ, Oregon Hearing Res Ctr, Portland, OR 97201 USA Oregon Hlth Sci Univ Portland OR USA 97201 es Ctr, Portland, OR 97201 USA Oregon Hlth Sci Univ, Vollum Inst, Portland, OR 97201 USA Oregon Hlth Sci Univ Portland OR USA 97201 m Inst, Portland, OR 97201 USA Univ Wisconsin, Neurosci Training Program, Madison, WI 53706 USA Univ Wisconsin Madison WI USA 53706 aining Program, Madison, WI 53706 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
fascicolo: 23, volume: 21, anno: 2001,
pagine: 9487 - 9498
SICI:
0270-6474(200112)21:23<9487:MOSTAE>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AUDITORY-NERVE FIBERS; TRANSMITTER RELEASE; DEPRESSION; MAGNOCELLULARIS; CHICK; DESENSITIZATION; RESPONSES; CALCIUM; NEURONS; POOL;
Keywords:
short-term depression; AMPA receptors; cochlear nucleus; end-bulb synapse; auditory; development;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
50
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Trussell, LO Oregon Hlth Sci Univ, Oregon Hearing Res Ctr, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Pk Rd, Portland, OR 97201 USA Oregon Hlth Sci Univ 3181 SW Sam JacksonPk Rd Portland OR USA 97201
Citazione:
S. Brenowitz e L.O. Trussell, "Maturation of synaptic transmission at end-bulb synapses of the cochlear nucleus", J NEUROSC, 21(23), 2001, pp. 9487-9498

Abstract

Neurons of the avian nucleus magnocellularis transmit phase-locked action potentials of the auditory nerve in a pathway that contributes to sound localization based on interaural timing differences. We studied developmental changes in synaptic transmission that enable the end-bulb synapse to function as a synaptic relay. In chick, although the auditory system begins to function early in embryonic development, maturation of audition around the time of hatching suggested that synaptic transmission in the cochlear nucleusof young chicks may undergo further developmental changes. Synaptic physiology was investigated via patch-clamp recordings from bushy cells in brainstem slices during stimulation of auditory nerve fibers at 35 degreesC. Compared with embryonic synapses (embryonic day 18), post-hatch chicks (post-hatch days 1-11) exhibited high probability of firing a well timed postsynaptic action potential during high-frequency stimulation of the auditory nerve. Improvements in reliability and timing of postsynaptic spikes were accompanied by a developmental increase in steady-state EPSCs during stimulus trains and a decline in the extent of synaptic depression. Synchrony of EPSCs during stimulus trains improved with age. An increased pool of synaptic vesicles, lower release probability, larger and faster transmitter quanta, andreduced AMPA receptor desensitization contributed to these changes. Together, these factors improve the ability of cochlear nucleus magnocellularis neurons to faithfully transmit timing information encoded by the auditory nerve.

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Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 01:09:22