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Titolo:
Is drinking water in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, safe for infant formula?
Autore:
Dunne, EF; Angoran-Benie, H; Kamelan-Tano, A; Sibailly, TS; Monga, BB; Kouadio, L; Roels, TH; Wiktor, SZ; Lackritz, EM; Mintz, ED; Luby, S;
Indirizzi:
Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, NCID, Div Bacterial & Mycot Dis, Foodborne & Diarrheal Dis Branch, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent Atlanta GA USA 30333 nch, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Div Appl Publ Hlth Training, Epidem Intelligence Serv, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent Atlanta GA USA 30333 erv, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA Project RETROCI, Abidjan, Cote Ivoire Project RETROCI Abidjan Cote Ivoire oject RETROCI, Abidjan, Cote Ivoire Natl Inst Hyg, Abidjan, Cote Ivoire Natl Inst Hyg Abidjan Cote IvoireNatl Inst Hyg, Abidjan, Cote Ivoire Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Div HIV AIDS Prevent, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA CtrDis Control & Prevent Atlanta GA USA 30333 ent, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES
fascicolo: 4, volume: 28, anno: 2001,
pagine: 393 - 398
SICI:
1525-4135(200112)28:4<393:IDWIAC>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION; RANDOMIZED TRIAL; ORAL ZIDOVUDINE; SOUTH-AFRICA; HIV-1; PREVENTION; STORAGE; CONTAMINATION; DIARRHEA; COHORT;
Keywords:
HIV; diarrhea; water; infant formula;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Luby, S Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, NCID, Div Bacterial & Mycot Dis, Foodborne & Diarrheal Dis Branch, 1600 Clifton Rd,MS A-38, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent 1600 Clifton Rd,MS A-38 Atlanta GA USA 30333
Citazione:
E.F. Dunne et al., "Is drinking water in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, safe for infant formula?", J ACQ IMM D, 28(4), 2001, pp. 393-398

Abstract

Objective: To survey knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding water use and infant feeding in the Koumassi District of Abidjan, Cote d'lvoire, and to evaluate the microbiologic quality of source and stored drinking water. Design: Random-cluster household survey. Methods: We randomly selected 20 clusters, each comprising six households with at least 1 child aged less than or equal to3 years. In each household,we administered a questionnaire and collected source and stored drinking water samples and tested these for chlorine levels and for total coliform and fecal bacteria count (Escherichia coli). Results: Municipal water was used for drinking in 112 (93%) of 120 households, and in 99 (83%), it was stored for later use. By I month of age, 97 (90%) of 108 infants given drinking water were given stored water for drinking. In 8 (66%) of 12 households where children were receiving artificial feeding, formula was prepared from municipal water without additional treatment. Stored water had lower levels of free chlorine than source water (medianof 0.05 versus 0.2 mg/dl; p < .001), and E. coli was detected in 36 (41%) of 87 stored water samples and 1 (1%) of 108 source water samples (p < .001). Conclusions: In the Koumassi District of Abidjan, where municipal water iswidely available and of good quality, drinking water is stored in most households, is often contaminated with E. coli, and is given to children at a young age. If replacement feeding is to be more widely used to prevent postnatal transmission of HIV-1, communities using stored water need interventions to make stored water safer.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 03:57:45