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Titolo:
Integrative pluralism
Autore:
Mitchell, SD;
Indirizzi:
Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Hist & Philosophy Sci, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA UnivPittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15260 phy Sci, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA
Titolo Testata:
BIOLOGY & PHILOSOPHY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 17, anno: 2002,
pagine: 55 - 70
SICI:
0169-3867(200201)17:1<55:IP>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HONEY-BEE COLONIES; DIVISION-OF-LABOR; ANTS;
Keywords:
complexity; division of labor; idealization; levels of analysis; pluralism; self-organization;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Arts & Humanities
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Mitchell, SD Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Hist & Philosophy Sci, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15260 sburgh, PA 15260 USA
Citazione:
S.D. Mitchell, "Integrative pluralism", BIOL PHILOS, 17(1), 2002, pp. 55-70

Abstract

The 'fact' of pluralism in science is no surprise. Yet, if science is representing and explaining the structure of the one world, why is there such adiversity of representations and explanations in some domains? In this paper I consider several philosophical accounts of scientific pluralism that explain the persistence of both competitive and compatible alternatives. Paul Sherman's `Levels of Analysis' account suggests that in biology competition between explanations can be partitioned by the type of question being investigated. I argue that this account does not locate competition and compatibility correctly. I then defend an integrative model for understanding pluralism. This view is based on taking seriously both the complexity and contingency of biological organization and the idealized character of biological models. On this view, explanation becomes, among other things, the location for the integration of diverse models. I explicate my argument by an analysis of explanations of division of labor in social insects.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 00:36:47