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Titolo:
Variable selection in classification of environmental soil samples for partial least square and neural network models
Autore:
Ramadan, Z; Song, XH; Hopke, PK; Johnson, MJ; Scow, KM;
Indirizzi:
Clarkson Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Potsdam, NY 13699 USA Clarkson Univ Potsdam NY USA 13699 Dept Chem Engn, Potsdam, NY 13699 USA Clarkson Univ, Dept Chem, Potsdam, NY 13699 USA Clarkson Univ Potsdam NY USA 13699 Univ, Dept Chem, Potsdam, NY 13699 USA Univ Calif Davis, Dept Land Air & Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616 USA Univ Calif Davis Davis CA USA 95616 Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616 USA
Titolo Testata:
ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 446, anno: 2001,
pagine: 233 - 244
SICI:
0003-2670(20011119)446:1-2<233:VSICOE>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MULTILAYER FEEDFORWARD NETWORKS; FATTY-ACID PROFILES; GENETIC ALGORITHMS; WAVELENGTH SELECTION; MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES; PATTERN-RECOGNITION; OPTIMIZATION; REGRESSION; PLS; TUTORIAL;
Keywords:
discriminant partial least square model; back-propagation artificial neural network model; environmental soil sample;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hopke, PK Clarkson Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Potsdam, NY 13699 USA Clarkson Univ Potsdam NY USA 13699 Engn, Potsdam, NY 13699 USA
Citazione:
Z. Ramadan et al., "Variable selection in classification of environmental soil samples for partial least square and neural network models", ANALYT CHIM, 446(1-2), 2001, pp. 233-244

Abstract

Two variable selection methods were evaluated by comparing their predictions with respect to differentiating among environmental soil samples. The focus of this work is to determine which input variables are most relevant for prediction of soil sources using discriminant partial least square (D-PLS) and back-propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN) models. The methods investigated were stepwise variable selection method and genetic algorithms (GAs). Microbial community DNA was extracted from 48 environmental soilsamples derived, from different field crops and soil sources. After amplification of bacterial ribosomal RNA genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), the products were separated by gel electrophoresis. Characteristic complex band patterns were obtained, indicating high bacterial diversity. Two hundred and twenty-three, DNA band patterns produced in the gels of the soil samples were used in the analysis, after removal of included DNA standard markers. Based on the brightness of the bands, densitometric curves of the selected DNA band pattern were extracted from the gel images. The curves weresmoothed using Savitsky-Golay method band scaled to the DNA standard markers. The prediction results based on the two variable selection methods for PLS and ANN models are presented and compared. Both methods gave good results before any variable selection methods, with the ANN being better than D-PLS. The prediction performance of both methods specially the D-PLS were improved by applying the stepwise variable selection and the GA variable selection method. The study also shows that GA variable selection had a significant improvement of the predictive ability than the stepwise variable selection method. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 21:26:42