Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Factors of diversity of domestication-related behavior in farm animals of different species
Autore:
Lankin, VS; Bouissou, MF;
Indirizzi:
Russian Acad Sci, Inst Cytol & Genet, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia Russian Acad Sci Novosibirsk Russia 630090 t, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia INRA, Ctr Tours Nouzilly, Lab Comportement Anim, F-37380 Nouzilly, France INRA Nouzilly France F-37380 Comportement Anim, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Titolo Testata:
RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF GENETICS
fascicolo: 7, volume: 37, anno: 2001,
pagine: 783 - 795
SICI:
1022-7954(200107)37:7<783:FODODB>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PIGS; SHEEP; REACTIVITY; COMPONENTS; STRATEGIES; ABILITIES; MEISHAN; GROWTH; HUMANS; FEAR;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Lankin, VS Russian Acad Sci, Inst Cytol & Genet, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia Russian Acad Sci Novosibirsk Russia 630090 rsk 630090, Russia
Citazione:
V.S. Lankin e M.F. Bouissou, "Factors of diversity of domestication-related behavior in farm animals of different species", RUSS J GEN, 37(7), 2001, pp. 783-795

Abstract

Fear response and domestic behavior of sheep, cattle, horses, and pigs were studied using four different variants of experimental stress conditions. As standard aversive stimulus, the factor of human presence during the feeding time was used under the following conditions: animals were starved for 12-14 or 2 h before the exposure and fed individually or in a group. In theanimal species studied, these conditions were found to reveal phenotypic and genotypic differences in fear response to humans, which is correlated with feeding behavior by regulatory mechanisms. A comparative qualitative andquantitative study of the discrete variation of the associated passive-defensive responses and feeding behavior (as related to domestic behavior) wasconducted with regard to the effect of the breed and individual genotypes and the feeding and zoosocial deprivation. A classification scheme of the individual diversity of this behavior in farm animal species is proposed, inwhich ontogenetic and evolutionary relationships earlier found in sheep were taken into consideration. It is suggested that the progressive ecological and zootechnical specialization alters adaptive reaction norms of stress response in breeds and leads to the formation of the homologous variation in a set of coadapted traits, i.e., constitutional types of animals genetically marked by their behavior. A conclusion is made that heritable polymorphism of domestic behavior represents a new source of adaptive variation for improving fitness, welfare, and productivity of farm animals by breeding.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/04/20 alle ore 20:56:14