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Titolo:
Immunological gap in the infectious animal model for biliary atresia
Autore:
Czech-Schmidt, G; Verhagen, W; Szavay, P; Leonhardt, J; Petersen, C;
Indirizzi:
Hannover Med Sch, Dept Pediat Surg, D-30625 Hannover, Germany Hannover MedSch Hannover Germany D-30625 urg, D-30625 Hannover, Germany Hannover Med Sch, Dept Virol, D-30625 Hannover, Germany Hannover Med Sch Hannover Germany D-30625 rol, D-30625 Hannover, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 101, anno: 2001,
pagine: 62 - 67
SICI:
0022-4804(200111)101:1<62:IGITIA>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NEONATAL CHOLESTASIS; REOVIRUS TYPE-3; MICE; CHOLANGITIS; ASSOCIATION; NEWBORN; DISEASE; INFANTS;
Keywords:
biliary atresia; rhesus rotavirus; animal model; Balb/c-mouse; immunology; newborn;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Petersen, C Hannover Med Sch, Dept Pediat Surg, Carl Neuberg Str 1, D-30625 Hannover, Germany Hannover Med Sch Carl Neuberg Str 1 Hannover Germany D-30625
Citazione:
G. Czech-Schmidt et al., "Immunological gap in the infectious animal model for biliary atresia", J SURG RES, 101(1), 2001, pp. 62-67

Abstract

Background. Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA), the etiology of which still remains unclear, occurs exclusively in newborns and has recently been simulated in an animal model. It is possible to trigger an EHBA correspondingto the human disease by means of intraperitoneal infection of newborn Balb/c mice with rhesus rotavirus (RRV). The aim of the present study was to determine the conditions and circumstances for inducing biliary atresia in this model focusing on first-line immunological aspects. Methods. Newborn as well as pregnant Balb/c mice were intraperitonally infected with RRV. Results. The highest incidence of cholestasis (86%) was achieved by infection with 10(beta)PFU/ml RRV within the first 12 h postpartum, resulting in EHBA with a lethality of 100%. However, the later the newborn mouse is infected, the less likelihood there is that EHBA is triggered. Additionally, the incidence of biliary atresia in this model depends on the quantity of thevirus that is given intraperitoneally. However, the development of biliaryatresia is not correlated to the virus in the liver. The antepartum. infection of pregnant mice does not induce EHBA in the offspring. Female mice that are immunized against RRV protect their newborns from developing RRV-induced cholestasis and EHBA. This protection is transmitted transplacentally and not by breast milk. Conclusion. It is obvious that a temporary immunological gap is essential for virally induced EHBA. Further studies should focus on specific parameters of the immune system of newborn mice in this biliary atresia model. (C) 2001 Academic Press.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 18:09:41