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Titolo:
Fluid flow patterns in fast spreading East Pacific Rise crust exposed at Hess Deep
Autore:
Gillis, KM; Muehlenbachs, K; Stewart, M; Gleeson, T; Karson, J;
Indirizzi:
Univ Victoria, Sch Earth & Ocean Sci, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada Univ Victoria Victoria BC Canada V8W 3P6 ci, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada Univ Alberta, Dept Earth & Atmospher Sci, Edmonton, AB TG6 2E3, Canada Univ Alberta Edmonton AB Canada TG6 2E3 Sci, Edmonton, AB TG6 2E3, Canada Duke Univ, Div Earth & Ocean Sci, Durham, NC 27708 USA Duke Univ Durham NC USA 27708 Div Earth & Ocean Sci, Durham, NC 27708 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH
fascicolo: B11, volume: 106, anno: 2001,
pagine: 26311 - 26329
SICI:
0148-0227(20011110)106:B11<26311:FFPIFS>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HYDROTHERMAL UPFLOW ZONES; MID-OCEAN RIDGES; STABLE-ISOTOPE; OXYGEN-ISOTOPE; SAMAIL OPHIOLITE; SULFIDE DEPOSITS; MIDOCEAN RIDGES; 500 BARS; SEAWATER; TEMPERATURE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
84
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gillis, KM Univ Victoria, Sch Earth & Ocean Sci, POB 3055, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada Univ Victoria POB 3055 Victoria BC Canada V8W 3P6 W 3P6, Canada
Citazione:
K.M. Gillis et al., "Fluid flow patterns in fast spreading East Pacific Rise crust exposed at Hess Deep", J GEO R-SOL, 106(B11), 2001, pp. 26311-26329

Abstract

Tectonic exposures of a volcanic sequence and sheeted dike complex over a 4-km-wide region at Hess Deep (equatorial Pacific) reveal significant spatial heterogeneity (10-10(3) m) in the extent and nature of hydrothermal alteration in young, fast spreading East Pacific Rise crust. The volcanic sequence is fairly uniformly altered, with only minor oxidation and alteration to clay minerals. Sheeted dikes in the eastern part of the field area are highly fractured with narrow intervals of intact dikes that dip up to 60 degrees. Their alteration characteristics show a simple depth trend such that with increasing depth the dominant secondary mafic mineral changes from chlorite to amphibole, clinopyroxene replacement increases (< 20% to > 40%), whole rock delta O-18 values decreases (4.4-5.5 parts per thousand to 3.5-4.5parts per thousand), and calculated peak metamorphic temperatures increase(similar to 250 degreesC to 450 degrees -700 degreesC). Within the deepestdikes, localized zones up to 400-m-wide are chlorite-rich and have low-delta O-18 (2.9-4.1 parts per thousand) and low peak metamorphic temperatures (similar to 345 degreesC). These alteration patterns likely formed within broad recharge zones whereby the low-delta O-18 zones developed in the regions with the highest fluid flux. In the west, massive, slightly rotated sheeted dikes near the volcanic-sheeted dike transition are delta O-18 and Cu depleted and display higher peak temperatures (greater than or equal to 345 degreesC) than elsewhere in the shallow dikes. These characteristics are consistent with formation within a high temperature, hydrothermal discharge zone. We propose that the spreading history of a fast spreading ridge segment can create significant spatial heterogeneity in fluid flow and alterationpatterns within sheeted dike complexes, similar to those preserved in manyophiolites.

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Documento generato il 04/07/20 alle ore 17:40:57