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Titolo:
Differences in cardiovascular disease mortality and major risk factors between districts in Oslo. An ecological analysis
Autore:
Jenum, AK; Stensvold, I; Thelle, DS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Oslo, Dept Epidemiol Res, N-0317 Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo NorwayN-0317 lo, Dept Epidemiol Res, N-0317 Oslo, Norway Ulleval Univ Hosp, Ctr Prevent Med, N-0032 Oslo, Norway Ulleval Univ HospOslo Norway N-0032 tr Prevent Med, N-0032 Oslo, Norway Univ Gothenburg, Inst Cardiovasc Res, Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, S-48516 Gothenburg, Sweden Univ Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden S-48516 sp, S-48516 Gothenburg, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
, volume: 30, anno: 2001, supplemento:, 1
pagine: S59 - S65
SICI:
0300-5771(200110)30:<S59:DICDMA>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; MONICA PROJECT; POPULATIONS; MEN; COUNTRIES; FITNESS; ENGLAND; HEALTHY; WOMEN;
Keywords:
cardiovascular mortality; coronary heart disease; risk factors; smoking; lipids; blood pressure; socioeconomic factors;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jenum, AK Dept Community Hlth, Romsas Urban Dist,POB 54 Romsas, N-0907 Oslo, Norway Dept Community Hlth Romsas Urban Dist,POB 54 Romsas Oslo Norway N-0907
Citazione:
A.K. Jenum et al., "Differences in cardiovascular disease mortality and major risk factors between districts in Oslo. An ecological analysis", INT J EPID, 30, 2001, pp. S59-S65

Abstract

Background The level of mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD) and from all causes varies considerably within Oslo. The purpose of this study was to examine these differences according to cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic variables at the district level. Methods Total mortality rates and cardiovascular mortality rates for subjects aged 45-74 years in 1991-1995, and their relationship to cardiovascularrisk factors and socioeconomic indicators in the 25 districts of Oslo werestudied. Cardiovascular risk factors were based on data from 40 year olds in 1985-1988. The following variables were used as independent variables inthe regression analyses to explain differences between the districts: daily smoking, cholesterol level, systolic blood pressure, education and income. Results Mortality rates were strongly related to cardiovascular risk factors and to socioeconomic indicators, with correlation coefficients (Pearson)of 0.74 for smoking and CVD mortality, and -0.78 for high income and CHD mortality. Smoking explained 70% of the differences in mortality from all causes for men and 46% for women, and 61% and 49% of the differences in CVD mortality for men and women respectively. Diastolic blood pressure and totalcholesterol were closely related to socioeconomic indicators and to smoking, but the relative strength of the cardiovascular risk factors in the multivariate analyses differed for males and females. Conclusion Cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic indicators at thepopulation level were strongly related to mortality, and explained a largeproportion of the differences in mortality between different districts of Oslo in the 1990s.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 06:19:09