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Titolo:
Health effects of toxin-producing cyanobacteria: "The CyanoHABs"
Autore:
Carmichael, WW;
Indirizzi:
Wright State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Dayton, OH 45435 USA Wright State Univ Dayton OH USA 45435 Dept Biol Sci, Dayton, OH 45435 USA
Titolo Testata:
HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT
fascicolo: 5, volume: 7, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1393 - 1407
SICI:
1080-7039(200110)7:5<1393:HEOTC">2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BLUE-GREEN-ALGAE; PARALYTIC SHELLFISH POISONS; CYLINDROSPERMOPSIS-RACIBORSKII; MICROCYSTIS-AERUGINOSA; OSCILLATORIA-AGARDHII; EX GOMONT; WATER; BRAZIL; INTOXICATION; CARUARU;
Keywords:
cynaobacteria; blue-green-algae; cyanotoxins; toxins; risk;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Carmichael, WW Wright State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Dayton, OH 45435 USA Wright State Univ Dayton OH USA 45435 Dayton, OH 45435 USA
Citazione:
W.W. Carmichael, "Health effects of toxin-producing cyanobacteria: "The CyanoHABs"", HUM ECOL R, 7(5), 2001, pp. 1393-1407

Abstract

Increasingly, harmful algal blooms (HABs) are being reported worldwide dueto several factors, primarily eutrophication, climate change and more scientific monitoring. All but cyanobacteria toxin poisonings (CTPs) are mainlya marine occurrence. CTPs occur in fresh (lakes, ponds, rivers and reservoirs) and brackish (seas, estuaries, and lakes) waters throughout the world. Organisms responsible include an estimated 40 genera but the main ones areAnabaena, Aphanizomenon, Cylindrospermopsis, Lyngbya, Microcystis, Nostoc,and Oscillatoria (Planktothrix). Cyanobacteria toxins (cyanotoxins) include cytotoxins and biotoxins with biotoxins being responsible for acute lethal, acute, chronic and sub-chronic poisonings of wild/domestic animals and humans. The biotoxins include the neurotoxins; anatoxin-a, anatoxin-a(s) andsaxitoxins plus the hepatotoxins; microcystins, nodularins and cylindrospermopsins. Confirmations of human deaths from cyanotoxins. are limited to exposure through renal dialysis at a haemodialysis center in Caruaru, Brazil,in 1996. A major effort to compile all available information on toxic cyanobacteria including issues of human health, safe water practices, management, prevention and remediation have been published by the World Health Organization. This paper will review our current understanding of CTP's including their risk to human health.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 06:24:34