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Titolo:
'Protective nutrients' and up-to-date dietary recommendations
Autore:
Kromhout, D;
Indirizzi:
Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Div Publ Hlth Res, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm Bilthoven Netherlands NL-3720 BA herlands
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL SUPPLEMENTS
fascicolo: D, volume: 3, anno: 2001,
pagine: D33 - D36
SICI:
1520-765X(200106)3:D<D33:'NAUDR>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; POLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL; VITAMIN-E CONSUMPTION; SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH; FISH CONSUMPTION; MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION; ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS; ADIPOSE-TISSUE; FOLLOW-UP;
Keywords:
healthy diet; fatty acids; antioxidants; n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids; vitamin E;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kromhout, D Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Div Publ Hlth Res, POB 1, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm POB 1 Bilthoven Netherlands NL-3720 BA
Citazione:
D. Kromhout, "'Protective nutrients' and up-to-date dietary recommendations", EUR H J SUP, 3(D), 2001, pp. D33-D36

Abstract

In the past, dietary recommendations were focused on reductions in the consumption of foods and nutrients deemed bad for health, such as saturated fat, dietary cholesterol and salt. In more recent years, an increased consumption of foods and nutrients deemed good for health has also been emphasized, e.g., increased consumption of vegetables, fruits, legumes, fish, dietaryfibre and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Another major development has been the change from dietary recommendations for specific diseases, such as coronary heart disease and diabetes, to integrated, comprehensive dietary recommendations for chronic diseases and health in general. A healthy diet formsan important component of a healthy lifestyle. This also includes advice not to smoke and to be physically active for at least 30 min each day. Such a lifestyle prevents coronary heart disease and is important for both primary and secondary prevention. Observational studies and clinical trials on n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids suggest that besides a diet low in saturated and trans fatty acids and in cholesterol, a healthy diet also needs to contain adequate amounts of alpha-linolenic acid (2 g. day(-1)) and EPA and DHA (200 mg. day Evidence thata diet rich in fruits and vegetables may protect against coronary heart disease is increasing. Fruits and vegetables are plentiful sources of antioxidants. Until recently, most research in this area was focused on the so-called nutritive antioxidants, vitamins with antioxidant properties such as tocopherol (vitamin E), carotenoids and vitamin C. Recently, there is an increasing interest in the so-called non-nutritive antioxidants. These are polyphenols present in plant foods and have strong antioxidant properties. Clinical trials with vitamin E supplements were mainly negative. High-dose, pharmacological supplementation of diet with so-called 'protective' nutrients, however, do not relate to the nutritional domain. In future trials a dose corresponding to a multiple of the recommended dietary allowance of 10mg.day(-1) should be used rather than the high, pharmacological doses usedso far. (C) 2001 The European Society of Cardiology.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 09:24:51