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Titolo:
Initial remission-inducing effect of very low-dose cyclosporin monotherapyfor minimal-change nephrotic syndrome in Japanese adults
Autore:
Matsumoto, H; Nakao, T; Okada, T; Nagaoka, Y; Shino, T; Yoshino, M; Hidaka, H;
Indirizzi:
Tokyo Med Univ, Dept Nephrol, Shinjuku Ku, Tokyo 1600023, Japan Tokyo Med Univ Tokyo Japan 1600023 ol, Shinjuku Ku, Tokyo 1600023, Japan
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL NEPHROLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 55, anno: 2001,
pagine: 143 - 148
SICI:
0301-0430(200102)55:2<143:IREOVL>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FOCAL-SEGMENTAL GLOMERULOSCLEROSIS; A TREATMENT; NEPHROPATHY; LIPOPROTEIN; THERAPY;
Keywords:
cyclosporin A; monotherapy; minimal-change nephrotic syndrome; hypercholesteroemia;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Matsumoto, H Tokyo Med Univ, Dept Nephrol, Shinjuku Ku, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Tokyo 1600023, Japan Tokyo Med Univ 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku Tokyo Japan 1600023 Japan
Citazione:
H. Matsumoto et al., "Initial remission-inducing effect of very low-dose cyclosporin monotherapyfor minimal-change nephrotic syndrome in Japanese adults", CLIN NEPHR, 55(2), 2001, pp. 143-148

Abstract

Aim: Cyclosporin A (CsA) in combination with corticosteroids can be used effectively in steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome. However, reports documenting the effectiveness of CsA monotherapy against such a condition have been scarce. In 11 adults with minimal-change nephrotic syndrome, we have tried very low-dose CsA in the hope of inducing remission without using eithercorticosteroid or any other immunosuppressive drugs. Patients and methods:Indications for treatment included steroid-sensitive relapsing nephrotic syndrome (7 patients) and first-episode nephrotic syndrome (4 patients). In all patients, corticosteroid and cytotoxic agents had not been given beforeentry. CsA was administered orally at an initial dose of 2.4 (range 1.5-3.1) mg/kg per day. Results: Analysis of the clinical course revealed that 8 of I I patients entered complete remission after a mean duration of 44 +/- 31 days, whereas 3 patients failed to enter remission to CsA alone, resulting in complete remission combined with methylprednisolone pulse therapy without conventional oral prednisolone. CsA dosages and trough levels between responders and non-responders were similar. non-responders had much higher levels of serum total cholesterol and higher daily urinary excretion of protein than those of responders, respectively. No patients had significant decrease in creatinine clearance, development of hypertension or suffered from other CsA associated serious side-effects. Conclusion: The present data suggest that CsA monotherapy at a very low dose could induce complete remission in adult patients with minimal-change nephrotic syndrome. Conversely, severe hypercholesterolemia would be likely to inhibit the action of CsA against nephrotic conditions.

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Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 15:40:18