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Titolo:
Does gymnastics training inhibit growth of females?
Autore:
Caine, D; Lewis, T; OConnor, T; Howe, W; Bass, S;
Indirizzi:
Western Washington Univ, Dept Phys Educ Hlth & Recreat, Bellingham, WA 98225 USA Western Washington Univ Bellingham WA USA 98225 Bellingham, WA 98225 USA Univ Georgia, Dept Foods & Nutr, Athens, GA 30602 USA Univ Georgia AthensGA USA 30602 Dept Foods & Nutr, Athens, GA 30602 USA Univ Georgia, Dept Exercise Sci, Athens, GA 30602 USA Univ Georgia AthensGA USA 30602 Dept Exercise Sci, Athens, GA 30602 USA Western Washington Univ, Student Hlth Ctr, Bellingham, WA 98225 USA Western Washington Univ Bellingham WA USA 98225 Bellingham, WA 98225 USA Western Washington Univ, Dept Athlet, Bellingham, WA 98225 USA Western Washington Univ Bellingham WA USA 98225 Bellingham, WA 98225 USA Deakin Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Burwood, Vic, Australia Deakin Univ Burwood Vic Australia Sch Hlth Sci, Burwood, Vic, Australia
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL JOURNAL OF SPORT MEDICINE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 11, anno: 2001,
pagine: 260 - 270
SICI:
1050-642X(200110)11:4<260:DGTIGO>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BONE-MINERAL DENSITY; BODY-COMPOSITION; ELITE GYMNASTS; ENERGY-INTAKE; BIOLOGICAL MATURATION; PUBERTAL DEVELOPMENT; NUTRITIONAL-STATUS; DIETARY STATUS; RADIAL GROWTH; GIRL SWIMMERS;
Keywords:
gymnastics; growth; maturation; body height; body weight; growth plate;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
94
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Caine, D Western Washington Univ, Dept Phys Educ Hlth & Recreat, Bellingham, WA 98225 USA Western Washington Univ Bellingham WA USA 98225 am, WA 98225 USA
Citazione:
D. Caine et al., "Does gymnastics training inhibit growth of females?", CLIN J SPOR, 11(4), 2001, pp. 260-270

Abstract

Objective: The increasingly dominant performance of smaller-sized female gymnasts and increased magnitude of training beginning at an early age have prompted public and medical concerns, especially from an auxological perspective. The objective of this review is to determine if gymnastics training inhibits growth of females. Data Sources: An extensive research of MedLine (PubMed interface) along with cross-referencing was conducted using the Text and MeSH words "gymnastics" in combination with "growth," "maturation," "body height," "body weight," and "growth plate. " Our analysis is limited to English articles only. Study Selection: All published studies that included data related to the research questions were included. Main Results: Although data from three historical cohort studies indicate that female gymnasts are short even before they begin training, clinical reports and cohort studies do suggest that some female gymnasts experience attenuated growth during training followed by catch-up growth during periods of reduced training or retirement. There is conflicting evidence whether the "catch-up" is complete. There were no studies reporting prevalence or incidence of inadequate growth. Three cohort studies provide evidence of reduced growth but training was not partitioned from other confounding factors in the gymnastics environment. Although there is a paucity of studies examining the link of dietary practices with diminished growth in female gymnasts, a review of related dietary literature indicates the potential for insufficient energy and nutrient intake among female gymnasts. Conclusions: Elite level or heavily involved female gymnasts may experience attenuated growth during their years of training and competition followedby catch-up growth during reduced training schedules or the months following retirement. However, a cause-effect relation between gymnastics trainingand inadequate growth of females has not been demonstrated.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 21:05:19