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Titolo:
Quantifying the response of phytoplankton photosynthesis to ultraviolet radiation: Biological weighting functions versus in situ measurements in two Swiss lakes
Autore:
Neale, PJ; Litchman, E; Sobrino, C; Callieri, C; Morabito, G; Montecino, V; Huot, Y; Bossard, P; Lehmann, C; Steiner, D;
Indirizzi:
Smithsonian Environm Res Ctr, Edgewater, MD 21037 USA Smithsonian EnvironmRes Ctr Edgewater MD USA 21037 gewater, MD 21037 USA CSIC, Inst Ciencias Marinas Andalucia, Cadiz 11510, Spain CSIC Cadiz Spain 11510 st Ciencias Marinas Andalucia, Cadiz 11510, Spain CNR, Ist Italiano Idrobiol, I-28922 Verbania, Italy CNR Verbania Italy I-28922 st Italiano Idrobiol, I-28922 Verbania, Italy Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias, Santiago, Chile Univ Chile Santiago ChileUniv Chile, Fac Ciencias, Santiago, Chile Dalhousie Univ, Dept Oceanog, CEOTR, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada DalhousieUniv Halifax NS Canada B3H 4J1 OTR, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada EAWAG, Limnol Res Ctr, CH-6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland EAWAG Kastanienbaum Switzerland CH-6047 -6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland Univ Zurich, Inst Plant Biol, CH-8008 Zurich, Switzerland Univ Zurich Zurich Switzerland CH-8008 Biol, CH-8008 Zurich, Switzerland
Titolo Testata:
AQUATIC SCIENCES
fascicolo: 3, volume: 63, anno: 2001,
pagine: 265 - 285
SICI:
1015-1621(2001)63:3<265:QTROPP>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CARBON FIXATION; MARINE DIATOM; ARCTIC LAKES; INHIBITION; ACIDIFICATION; TEMPERATURE; EXPOSURE; DAMAGE; REPAIR;
Keywords:
Lake Lucerne; Lake Cadagno; inhibition; primary production; UV-A; UV-B;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Neale, PJ Smithsonian Environm Res Ctr, POB 28, Edgewater, MD 21037 USA Smithsonian Environm Res Ctr POB 28 Edgewater MD USA 21037 7 USA
Citazione:
P.J. Neale et al., "Quantifying the response of phytoplankton photosynthesis to ultraviolet radiation: Biological weighting functions versus in situ measurements in two Swiss lakes", AQUAT SCI, 63(3), 2001, pp. 265-285

Abstract

The sensitivity of photosynthesis to ultraviolet radiation (UV) was assessed for phytoplankton assemblages in two Swiss lakes, pre-alpine Lake Lucerne (Vierwaldstattersee) and alpine Lake Cadagno, using both in situ and laboratory incubations. Biological weighting functions for UV inhibition of photosynthesis (BWFs) were determined in the laboratory using polychromatic exposures in a Xe-lamp based incubator. Samples were concurrently incubated in situ under UV exposed and protected bottles (profiles 0-5 m), while additional spectral treatments were carried out at the 50% UV-B penetration depth: full spectrum, UV-A only (Mylar protected) and UV protected quartz tubes. Both particulate (>0.2 mum) and total organic carbon incorporation were measured. Measured attenuation coefficients and incident UV spectral irradiance data was used to evaluate a BWF/photosynthesis-irradiance model (BWF/P-I) for in situ exposure conditions and compared with measurements. The BWFsshowed sensitivity across the UV spectrum at similar, though somewhat lower, levels than an average BWF for marine assemblages. Relative photosynthesis in situ (UV exposed/UV excluded) was about 40% at the surface and about 60% at the 50% UV-B penetration depth. Similar inhibition was predicted by the BWF/P-I model. Generally, full spectrum (UV-B and UV-A) exposure had little additional effect compared to UV-A only exposure. Reciprocal transfer of samples between lakes showed enhancement of UV effects in L. Cadagno compared to incubation of the same sample in L. Lucerne, consistent with increased UV sensitivity due to the 5 degreesC cooler water temperature in L. Cadagno. Similarly, BWF prediction of in situ response in L. Cadagno was improved by increasing UV sensitivity according to a Q(10) of 2. Full profile calculations using the BWF/P-I model suggest stronger effects of UV on L. Lucerne compared to L. Cadagno phytoplankton due to greater sensitivity of the assemblage combined with higher overall transparency to UV relative to PAR in L. Lucerne. The BWF/P-I model was a good overall predictor of UV-dependent photosynthetic performance in these lakes.

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Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 07:41:33