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Titolo:
Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving
Autore:
Shults, RA; Elder, RW; Sleet, DA; Nichols, JL; Alao, MO; Carande-Kulis, VG; Zaza, S; Sosin, DM; Thompson, RS;
Indirizzi:
CDCP, Div Unintent Injury Prevent, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Off Director, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Div Prevent Res & Analyt Methods, Epidemiol Program Off, Atlanta, GA30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 ds, Epidemiol Program Off, Atlanta, GA30341 USA Natl Highway Traff Safety Adm US, Off Res & Traff Records, Washington, DC 20590 USA Natl Highway Traff Safety Adm US Washington DC USA 20590 on, DC 20590 USA Task Force Community Prevent Serv, Seattle, WA USA Task Force Community Prevent Serv Seattle WA USA t Serv, Seattle, WA USA Grp Hlth Cooperat Puget Sound, Dept Prevent Care, Seattle, WA 98121 USA Grp Hlth Cooperat Puget Sound Seattle WA USA 98121 Seattle, WA 98121 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 21, anno: 2001, supplemento:, S
pagine: 66 - 88
SICI:
0749-3797(200111)21:4<66:ROERIT>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MINIMUM DRINKING AGE; MOTOR-VEHICLE FATALITIES; SOBRIETY CHECKPOINT PROGRAM; TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS; SERVER-INTERVENTION; DRIVER FATALITIES; TRAFFIC SAFETY; PURCHASE AGE; UNITED-STATES; CRASHES;
Keywords:
community health services; decision making; evidence-based medicine; practice guidelines; preventive health services; public health practice; meta-analysis; review literature; motor vehicles; seat belts; accidents, traffic; accident prevention; automobile driving; alcohol drinking; wounds and injuries;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
143
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Shults, RA CDCP, Div Unintent Injury Prevent, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, 4770Buford Highway,Mailstop K-63, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP 4770 Buford Highway,Mailstop K-63 Atlanta GA USA 30341 USA
Citazione:
R.A. Shults et al., "Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving", AM J PREV M, 21(4), 2001, pp. 66-88

Abstract

Background: Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes are a major public health problem, resulting in 15,786 deaths and more than 300,000 injuries in 1999. This report presents the results of systematic reviews of the effectiveness and economic efficiency of selected population-based interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving. Methods: The Guide to Community Preventive Services's methods for systematic reviews were used to evaluate the effectiveness of five interventions todecrease alcohol-impaired driving, using changes in alcohol-related crashes as the primary outcome measure. Results: Strong evidence was found for the effectiveness of .08 blood alcohol concentration laws, minimum legal drinking age laws, and sobriety checkpoints. Sufficient evidence was found for the effectiveness of lower blood alcohol concentration laws for young and inexperienced drivers and of intervention training programs for servers of alcoholic beverages. Additional information is provided about the applicability, other effects, and barriers to implementation of these interventions. Conclusion: These reviews form the basis of the recommendations by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services presented elsewhere in this supplement. They can help decision makers identify and implement effective interventions that fit within an overall strategy to prevent impaired driving.

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Documento generato il 29/09/20 alle ore 00:43:47