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Titolo:
Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to increase the use of safety belts
Autore:
Dinh-Zarr, TB; Sleet, DA; Shults, RA; Zaza, S; Elder, RW; Nichols, JL; Thompson, RS; Sosin, DM;
Indirizzi:
CDCP, Div Uninitent Injury Prevent, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GAUSA 30341 Uninitent Injury Prevent, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Off Director, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Div Prevent Res & Analyt Methods, Epidemiol Program Off, Atlanta, GA30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 ds, Epidemiol Program Off, Atlanta, GA30341 USA Natl Highway Traff Safety Adm US, Off Res Traff Records, Washington, DC 20590 USA Natl Highway Traff Safety Adm US Washington DC USA 20590 on, DC 20590 USA Task Force Community Prevent Serv, Seattle, WA USA Task Force Community Prevent Serv Seattle WA USA t Serv, Seattle, WA USA Grp Hlth Cooperat Puget Sound, Dept Prevent Care, Seattle, WA 98121 USA Grp Hlth Cooperat Puget Sound Seattle WA USA 98121 Seattle, WA 98121 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 21, anno: 2001, supplemento:, S
pagine: 48 - 65
SICI:
0749-3797(200111)21:4<48:ROERIT>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NEW-YORK-STATE; USE LAW-ENFORCEMENT; DRIVER RISK-TAKING; NORTH-CAROLINA; TRAFFIC SAFETY; INJURY RATES; SEATBELT USE; LEGISLATION; CALIFORNIA; PUBLICITY;
Keywords:
community health services; decision making; evidence-based medicine; practice guidelines; preventive health services; public health practice; meta-analysis; review literature; motor vehicles; seat belts; accidents, traffic; wounds and injuries;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
115
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sleet, DA CDCP, Div Uninitent Injury Prevent, 4770 Buford Highway,MS K-63,Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP 4770 Buford Highway,MS K-63 Atlanta GA USA 30341 30341 USA
Citazione:
T.B. Dinh-Zarr et al., "Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to increase the use of safety belts", AM J PREV M, 21(4), 2001, pp. 48-65

Abstract

Background: The use of safety belts is the single most effective means of reducing fatal and nonfatal injuries in motor vehicle crashes. If all motorvehicle occupants consistently wore safety belts, an estimated 9553 deathswould have been prevented in 1999 alone. Methods: The Guide to Community Preventive Services's methods for systematic reviews were used to evaluate the effectiveness of three interventions to increase safety belt use. Effectiveness was assessed on the basis of changes in safety belt use and number of crash-related injuries. Results: Strong evidence was found for the effectiveness of safety belt laws in general and for the incremental effectiveness of primary safety belt laws relative to secondary laws. Strong evidence for the effectiveness of enhanced enforcement programs for safety belt laws was also found. Additional information is provided about the applicability, other effects, and barriers to implementation of these interventions. Conclusions: These reviews form the basis of the recommendations by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services presented elsewhere in this supplement. They can help decision makers identify and implement effective interventions that fit within an overall strategy to increase safety belt use.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 13/07/20 alle ore 07:56:58